Criminal history and employment: an interdisciplinary literature synthesis

Jakari N. Griffith, Candalyn B. Rade, Kemi Salawu Anazodo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of research conducted over the past ten years (2008–2018) that examines the relationship between criminal record and work in the USA. Furthermore, a research agenda is presented that may help to better inform future investigations of the relationships shared between these variables. Design/methodology/approach: The authors review 58 peer-reviewed research articles identified in four electronic article databases: Business Source Premier, PsycINFO, ProQuest Sociology Collection and ProQuest Criminology Collection. Findings: Of the 58 articles fitting the final inclusion criteria, 37 evaluated employee specific related outcomes, whereas 24 took the perspective of the employer (including some overlap). Studies employed a variety of methodologies and techniques, with qualitative interviews, archival data and audit methods as the most prevalent. Few studies examined the relationships between criminal record and work in ways that demonstrated improved employment outcomes for both employer and the employed together. Originality/value: This is one of the first papers to synthesize interdisciplinary literature related to criminal record and employment, including an assessment of the varying methodological treatments and perspectives used in research studies to assess this relationship. The authors believe the findings from this research effort will provide much needed research direction for investigators seeking to make contributions to improving employment outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-528
Number of pages24
JournalEquality, Diversity and Inclusion
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 17 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gender Studies
  • Cultural Studies
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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