An imbalance of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α IL-1β, and the neutrophil chemotactic factor IL-8 and inhibitors (e.g., soluble TNF receptors and IL-1ra) in the lung during the first week of life may contribute to prolonged pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) has anti- inflammatory effects in asthma, a disease with many similarities with BPD. In a prospective, randomized, blinded study, we examined whether early DSCG therapy inhibits proinflammatory cytokines in infants at risk for BPD. Twenty-six infants who were identified as high risk (≤ 75% probability) for oxygen-dependency at 28 d by a 12-h predictive score and survived 48 h were randomized to nebulized DSCG 20 mg (n = 13) or 2 cc NS (control, n = 13) every 6 h from Day 3 to Day 28. Lung lavage was collected on Day 3 (pre- study) and Day 7 and analyzed for cell count and differential and TNF-α, sTNFR1, sTNFR2, IL-1β, IL-1ra, and IL-8 concentrations. The groups' pre- study lavage cytokine concentrations were similar, but TNF-α and IL-8 concentrations were 3.6- and 4.9-fold lower in the DSCG group on Day 7 compared with levels in the control group. Soluble TNF receptors were unaffected by DSCG. There was a trend towards lower IL-1β levels in DSCG- treated infants on Day 7, but IL-1ra levels were unaffected by DSCG therapy. Three control subjects, but no DSCG-treated infants, died during the study period (p = 0.07). There were no significant differences between survivors of the two groups for oxygen-dependency at 28 d (100% control subjects; 85% DSCG). These results suggest that nebulized DSCG may exert an anti- inflammatory effect in the lungs of infants ≤ 1,000 g at risk for BPD.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine