Crystal growth and piezoelectric properties of Mn-substituted Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 single crystal

Shashank Priya, Kenji Uchino, Dwight Viehland

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Crystals of Mn-doped Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PZN) were grown by a flux technique. The dielectric and piezoelectric properties were investigated for 〈001〉 oriented crystals. Mn-substitution resulted in combinatory hardening and softening effects. Under high power resonant drive, the mechanical quality factor (Qm) and vibration velocity showed a considerable improvement, compared to the unmodified PZN crystals. Also, the longitudinal piezoelectric coefficient (d33) was increased by Mn substitution. The combinatory effect is explained on the basis of mixed valence states of Mn.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 2: Letters
Volume40
Issue number10 A
StatePublished - Oct 1 2001

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Crystal growth
crystal growth
Single crystals
Crystals
single crystals
Substitution reactions
substitutes
crystals
hardening
softening
Hardening
dielectric properties
Q factors
Fluxes
valence
vibration
coefficients

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "Crystals of Mn-doped Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PZN) were grown by a flux technique. The dielectric and piezoelectric properties were investigated for 〈001〉 oriented crystals. Mn-substitution resulted in combinatory hardening and softening effects. Under high power resonant drive, the mechanical quality factor (Qm) and vibration velocity showed a considerable improvement, compared to the unmodified PZN crystals. Also, the longitudinal piezoelectric coefficient (d33) was increased by Mn substitution. The combinatory effect is explained on the basis of mixed valence states of Mn.",
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AU - Viehland, Dwight

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AB - Crystals of Mn-doped Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PZN) were grown by a flux technique. The dielectric and piezoelectric properties were investigated for 〈001〉 oriented crystals. Mn-substitution resulted in combinatory hardening and softening effects. Under high power resonant drive, the mechanical quality factor (Qm) and vibration velocity showed a considerable improvement, compared to the unmodified PZN crystals. Also, the longitudinal piezoelectric coefficient (d33) was increased by Mn substitution. The combinatory effect is explained on the basis of mixed valence states of Mn.

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