Crystal orientation effect on electric energy storage in poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) copolymer films

Fangxiao Guan, Jilin Pan, Jing Wang, Qing Wang, Lei Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

By using different preparation and processing methods, poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) [P(VDF-HFP)] films with different crystal orientations were fabricated. Anisotropic dielectric properties and different electric energy storages were observed in these films. When the PVDF crystals in a film oriented with their c-axes perpendicular to the applied electric field, they exhibited large polarizability, because the CF2 dipole moments were randomly distributed in a plane parallel to the electric field. As a result, high dielectric constant and high electric energy density were achieved. On the contrary, when the crystal c-axes in a film oriented parallel to the electric field (or the CF2 dipole moments perpendicular to the electric field), polarization became difficult. Consequently, low dielectric constant and low electric energy density were resulted. The anisotropic polarizability was also displayed at high electric fields as evidenced by the difference in the remnant/maximum polarization and the dipole switching field for different crystal orientations. These results provide us a guidance to achieve optimal crystalline morphology in PVDF random copolymer films for high electric energy storage applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Event239th ACS National Meeting and Exposition - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 21 2010Mar 25 2010

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Electric energy storage
Crystal orientation
Copolymers
Electric fields
Dipole moment
Permittivity
Polarization
Crystals
Dielectric properties
polyvinylidene fluoride
Crystalline materials
Processing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Crystal orientation effect on electric energy storage in poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) copolymer films",
abstract = "By using different preparation and processing methods, poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) [P(VDF-HFP)] films with different crystal orientations were fabricated. Anisotropic dielectric properties and different electric energy storages were observed in these films. When the PVDF crystals in a film oriented with their c-axes perpendicular to the applied electric field, they exhibited large polarizability, because the CF2 dipole moments were randomly distributed in a plane parallel to the electric field. As a result, high dielectric constant and high electric energy density were achieved. On the contrary, when the crystal c-axes in a film oriented parallel to the electric field (or the CF2 dipole moments perpendicular to the electric field), polarization became difficult. Consequently, low dielectric constant and low electric energy density were resulted. The anisotropic polarizability was also displayed at high electric fields as evidenced by the difference in the remnant/maximum polarization and the dipole switching field for different crystal orientations. These results provide us a guidance to achieve optimal crystalline morphology in PVDF random copolymer films for high electric energy storage applications.",
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Crystal orientation effect on electric energy storage in poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) copolymer films. / Guan, Fangxiao; Pan, Jilin; Wang, Jing; Wang, Qing; Zhu, Lei.

In: ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, 01.12.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Crystal orientation effect on electric energy storage in poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) copolymer films

AU - Guan, Fangxiao

AU - Pan, Jilin

AU - Wang, Jing

AU - Wang, Qing

AU - Zhu, Lei

PY - 2010/12/1

Y1 - 2010/12/1

N2 - By using different preparation and processing methods, poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) [P(VDF-HFP)] films with different crystal orientations were fabricated. Anisotropic dielectric properties and different electric energy storages were observed in these films. When the PVDF crystals in a film oriented with their c-axes perpendicular to the applied electric field, they exhibited large polarizability, because the CF2 dipole moments were randomly distributed in a plane parallel to the electric field. As a result, high dielectric constant and high electric energy density were achieved. On the contrary, when the crystal c-axes in a film oriented parallel to the electric field (or the CF2 dipole moments perpendicular to the electric field), polarization became difficult. Consequently, low dielectric constant and low electric energy density were resulted. The anisotropic polarizability was also displayed at high electric fields as evidenced by the difference in the remnant/maximum polarization and the dipole switching field for different crystal orientations. These results provide us a guidance to achieve optimal crystalline morphology in PVDF random copolymer films for high electric energy storage applications.

AB - By using different preparation and processing methods, poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) [P(VDF-HFP)] films with different crystal orientations were fabricated. Anisotropic dielectric properties and different electric energy storages were observed in these films. When the PVDF crystals in a film oriented with their c-axes perpendicular to the applied electric field, they exhibited large polarizability, because the CF2 dipole moments were randomly distributed in a plane parallel to the electric field. As a result, high dielectric constant and high electric energy density were achieved. On the contrary, when the crystal c-axes in a film oriented parallel to the electric field (or the CF2 dipole moments perpendicular to the electric field), polarization became difficult. Consequently, low dielectric constant and low electric energy density were resulted. The anisotropic polarizability was also displayed at high electric fields as evidenced by the difference in the remnant/maximum polarization and the dipole switching field for different crystal orientations. These results provide us a guidance to achieve optimal crystalline morphology in PVDF random copolymer films for high electric energy storage applications.

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