Colicin B (55 kDa) is a cytotoxic protein that recognizes the outer membrane transporter, FepA, as a receptor and, after gaining access to the cytoplasmic membranes of sensitive Escherichia coli cells, forms a pore that depletes the electrochemical potential of the membrane and ultimately results in cell death. To begin to understand the series of dynamic conformational changes that must occur as colicin B translocates from outer membrane to cytoplasmic membrane, we report here the crystal structure of colicin B at 2.5 Å resolution. The crystal belongs to the space group C2221 with unit cell dimensions a=132.162 Å, b=138.167 Å, c=106.16 Å. The overall structure of colicin B is dumbbell shaped. Unlike colicin Ia, the only other TonB-dependent colicin crystallized to date, colicin B does not have clearly structurally delineated receptor-binding and translocation domains. Instead, the unique N-terminal lobe of the dumbbell contains both domains and consists of a large (290 residues), mostly β-stranded structure with two short α-helices. This is followed by a single long (≈ 74 Å) helix that connects the N-terminal domain to the C-terminal pore-forming domain, which is composed of 10 α-helices arranged in a bundle-type structure, similar to the pore-forming domains of other colicins. The TonB box sequence at the N-terminus folds back to interact with the N-terminal lobe of the dumbbell and leaves the flanking sequences highly disordered. Comparison of sequences among many colicins has allowed the identification of a putative receptor-binding domain.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology