A 3-dimensional phase-field model is developed to describe the cubic to tetragonal martensitic phase transformation in a thin film attached to a substrate. Elasticity solutions are derived for both elastically anisotropic and isotropic thin films with arbitrary domain structures, subject to the mixed boundary conditions for stress-free and constrained states. The model is applied to an Fe-31%Ni alloy system. The nucleation process as well as the final domain structure strongly depends on the substrate constraint. At a smaller undercooling, the increased strain energy effect results in a lower volume fraction of martensite, a finer domain structure and a longer nucleation period.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry