Cultural stereotypes and personal beliefs about individuals with dwarfism

Jeremy D. Heider, Cory R. Scherer, John E. Edlund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three studies assessed the content of cultural stereotypes and personal beliefs regarding individuals with dwarfism among " average height" (i.e., non-dwarf) individuals. In Studies 1 and 2, undergraduates from three separate institutions selected adjectives to reflect traits constituting both the cultural stereotype about dwarves and their own personal beliefs about dwarves (cf. Devine & Elliot, 1995). The most commonly endorsed traits for the cultural stereotype tended to be negative (e.g., weird, incapable, childlike); the most commonly endorsed traits for personal beliefs were largely positive (e.g., capable, intelligent, kind). In Study 3, undergraduates from two separate institutions used an open-ended method to indicate their personal beliefs about dwarves (cf. Eagly, Mladinic, & Otto, 1994). Responses contained a mixture of positive and negative characteristics, suggesting a greater willingness to admit to negative personal beliefs using the open-ended method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-97
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Social Psychology
Volume153
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

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