Current evidence about nutrition support in cardiac surgery patients—what do we know?

Aileen Hill, Ekaterina Nesterova, Vladimir Lomivorotov, Sergey Efremov, Andreas Goetzenich, Carina Benstoem, Mikhail Zamyatin, Michael Chourdakis, Daren Heyland, Christian Stoppe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nutrition support is increasingly recognized as a clinically relevant aspect of the intensive care treatment of cardiac surgery patients. However, evidence from adequate large-scale studies evaluating its clinical significance for patients’ mid- to long-term outcome remains sparse. Considering nutrition support as a key component in the perioperative treatment of these critically ill patients led us to review and discuss our understanding of the metabolic response to the inflammatory burst induced by cardiac surgery. In addition, we discuss how to identify patients who may benefit from nutrition therapy, when to start nutritional interventions, present evidence about the use of enteral and parenteral nutrition and the potential role of pharmaconutrition in cardiac surgery patients. Although the clinical setting of cardiac surgery provides advantages due to its scheduled insult and predictable inflammatory response, researchers and clinicians face lack of evidence and several limitations in the clinical routine, which are critically considered and discussed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number597
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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