Vascular dementia (VaD) is a progressive neurocognitive clinical syndrome that is caused by a decrease in cerebral blood flow and damage to the neurovascular unit. Given increasing life expectancy, VaD is emerging as one of the leading health problems in society. Despite the high global prevalence of cognitive impairment associated with VaD, diagnosis and treatment still remain limited because of the complexity of mechanisms of neuronal loss. Therefore, advances in our understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms involved is crucial for the development of new therapeutic strategies. In this review, we highlight the pathophysiology, current pharmacology-based primary and secondary prevention strategies and emerging treatment options for VaD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery