Current status of permanent total artificial hearts

Paul K. Davis, Gerson Rosenberg, Alan J. Snyder, William S. Pierce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pneumatic total artificial hearts, although demonstrating utility as temporary mechanical circulatory support devices, have not demonstrated a great deal of promise as permanent cardiac replacements. The increasing number of patients who would be candidates for total heart replacement suggests a large role for a permanent implantable total artificial heart. To that end, the Pennsylvania State University is developing an electric motordriven total artificial heart; the results with implants in calves are encouraging. In this device, a roller-screw mechanism is used to translate the rotation of a brushless direct-current motor into rectilinear motion of a pusherplate assembly, which in turn empties the blood sacs. The total artificial heart of the future will function under automatic control without percutaneous leads, and this should provide the patient with a nearly normal lifestyle. Although further experimental efforts are necessary to prepare the device for clinical trials, the technology to provide a safe and reliable electric blood-pump system is at hand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-178
Number of pages7
JournalThe Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

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Artificial Heart
Equipment and Supplies
Life Style
Hand
Clinical Trials
Technology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Davis, Paul K. ; Rosenberg, Gerson ; Snyder, Alan J. ; Pierce, William S. / Current status of permanent total artificial hearts. In: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 1989 ; Vol. 47, No. 1. pp. 172-178.
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Current status of permanent total artificial hearts. / Davis, Paul K.; Rosenberg, Gerson; Snyder, Alan J.; Pierce, William S.

In: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Vol. 47, No. 1, 01.01.1989, p. 172-178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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