Cutmarks made by stone tools on bones from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

Richard Potts, Patty Lee Shipman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

363 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fossils from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, show cutmarks which establish that hominids were using stone tools on animal tissues during the Lower Pleistocene in Africa. We identified cutmarks by elimination of other likely causes of the marks on the bone surfaces, for example, gnawing or chewing by carnivores or rodents, and damage made by tools of excavators or preparators. This was achieved by comparing the marks on the fossils with those produced by known causes on modern bones, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Because the fossils occur as part of accumulations of animal remains in relatively undisturbed geological contexts, we conclude that there is a functional association between the stone artefacts and bones at these sites, rather than an accidental, postmortem association1,2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-580
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume291
Issue number5816
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1981

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Olduvai event
gorge
bone
fossil
hominid
carnivore
rodent
artifact
scanning electron microscopy
Pleistocene
damage
animal
stone

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Potts, Richard ; Shipman, Patty Lee. / Cutmarks made by stone tools on bones from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. In: Nature. 1981 ; Vol. 291, No. 5816. pp. 577-580.
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Cutmarks made by stone tools on bones from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. / Potts, Richard; Shipman, Patty Lee.

In: Nature, Vol. 291, No. 5816, 01.12.1981, p. 577-580.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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