We took a discovery approach to explore the actions of cAMP and two of its analogs, one a cAMP mimic ((Sp)-adenosine cyclic 3′:5′- monophosphorothioate ((Sp)-cAMPS)) and the other a diastereoisomeric antagonist ((Rp)-cAMPS), on a model system of the type Iα cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase holoenzyme, RIα(91-244)·C- subunit, by using fluorescence spectroscopy and amide H/2H exchange mass spectrometry. Specifically, for the fluorescence experiments, fluorescein maleimide was conjugated to three cysteine single residue substitution mutants, R92C, T104C, and R239C, of RIα(91-244), and the effects of cAMP, (S p)-cAMPS, and (Rp)-cAMPS on the kinetics of R-C binding and the time-resolved anisotropy of the reporter group at each conjugation site were measured. For the amide exchange experiments, ESI-TOF mass spectrometry with pepsin proteolytic fragmentation was used to assess the effects of (R p)-cAMPS on amide exchange of the RIα(91-244)·C-subunit complex. We found that cAMP and its mimic perturbed at least parts of the C-subunit interaction Sites 2 and 3 but probably not Site 1 via reduced interactions of the linker region and αC of RIα(91-244). Surprisingly, (Rp)-cAMPS not only increased the affinity of RIα(91-244) toward the C-subunit by 5-fold but also produced long range effects that propagated through both the C- and R-subunits to produce limited unfolding and/or enhanced conformational flexibility. This combination of effects is consistent with (Rp)-cAMPS acting by enhancing the internal entropy of the R·C complex. Finally, the (Rp)-cAMPS- induced increase in affinity of RIα(91-244) toward the C-subunit indicates that (Rp)-cAMPS is better described as an inverse agonist because it decreases the fractional dissociation of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase holoenzyme and in turn its basal activity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Biology