A Model culture system of C6 rat glioma cells was used to test the involvement of cAMP in the regulation of the myelin PLP and MAG genes. The treatment of cells with isoproterenol (10−5to 10−8M) upregulated the expression of the PLP and MAG genes in a concentration‐dependent manner. The mRNAf or PLP reached a maximum (sevenfold higher than in control cells) after about 12–24 hr, then declined to approximately fourfold over the control level. The response of MAG gene was delayed by at least 36 hr, and the level of MAG mRNA reached a maximum of approximately 48‐fold over the control level on the fourth day in culture. The co‐administration of propranolol blocked the effect of isoproterenol, whereas 10−5M forskolin simulated the effect of isoproterenol, inducating a role of camp in the signal transduction cascades leading to upregulation of the myelin genes. However, the dissimilarity in the timing and the extent of upregulation of the PLP and MAG genes by cAMP‐stimulating agents indicate the existence of different intracellular mechanisms for the activation of these two genes. Cyclocheximide blocked the stimulatory effect of isopoterenol on both the PLP and MAG genes, indicating that the effect of cAMP on the myelin genes is mediated by protein product(s) of other cAMP response gene(s).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience