Cytosine methylation effects on the repair of O6-methylguanines within CG dinucleotides

Rebecca Guza, Linan Ma, Qingming Fang, Anthony E. Pegg, Natalia Tretyakova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

O6-Alkyldeoxyguanine adducts induced by tobacco-specific nitrosamines are repaired by O6-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase (AGT), which transfers the O6-alkyl group from the damaged base to a cysteine residue within the protein. In the present study, a mass spectrometry-based approach was used to analyze the effects of cytosine methylation on the kinetics of AGT repair of O6-methyldeoxyguanosine (O6-Me-dG) adducts placed within frequently mutated 5′-CG-3′ dinucleotides of the p53 tumor suppressor gene. O6-Me-dG-containing DNA duplexes were incubated with human recombinant AGT protein, followed by rapid quenching, acid hydrolysis, and isotope dilution high pressure liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry analysis of unrepaired O6-methylguanine. Second-order rate constants were calculated in the absence or presence of the C-5 methyl group at neighboring cytosine residues. We found that the kinetics of AGT-mediated repair of O6-Me-dG were affected by neighboring 5-methylcytosine (MeC) in a sequence-dependent manner. AGT repair of O6-Me-dG adducts placed within 5′-CG-3′ dinucleotides of p53 codons 245 and 248 was hindered when MeC was present in both DNA strands. In contrast, cytosine methylation within p53 codon 158 slightly increased the rate of O6-Me-dG repair by AGT. The effects of MeC located immediately 5′ and in the base paired position to O6-Me-dG were not additive as revealed by experiments with hypomethylated sequences. Furthermore, differences in dealkylation rates did not correlate with AGT protein affinity for cytosine-methylated and unmethylated DNA duplexes or with the rates of AGT-mediated nucleotide flipping, suggesting that MeC influences other kinetic steps involved in repair, e.g. the rate of alkyl transfer from DNA to AGT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22601-22610
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2009

Fingerprint

Methylation
Cytosine
Repair
DNA
Codon
Kinetics
Mass spectrometry
5-Methylcytosine
Dealkylation
Nitrosamines
Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry
High pressure liquid chromatography
Rapid quenching
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Recombinant proteins
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Electrospray ionization
Recombinant Proteins
Isotopes
Tobacco

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Guza, Rebecca ; Ma, Linan ; Fang, Qingming ; Pegg, Anthony E. ; Tretyakova, Natalia. / Cytosine methylation effects on the repair of O6-methylguanines within CG dinucleotides. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2009 ; Vol. 284, No. 34. pp. 22601-22610.
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abstract = "O6-Alkyldeoxyguanine adducts induced by tobacco-specific nitrosamines are repaired by O6-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase (AGT), which transfers the O6-alkyl group from the damaged base to a cysteine residue within the protein. In the present study, a mass spectrometry-based approach was used to analyze the effects of cytosine methylation on the kinetics of AGT repair of O6-methyldeoxyguanosine (O6-Me-dG) adducts placed within frequently mutated 5′-CG-3′ dinucleotides of the p53 tumor suppressor gene. O6-Me-dG-containing DNA duplexes were incubated with human recombinant AGT protein, followed by rapid quenching, acid hydrolysis, and isotope dilution high pressure liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry analysis of unrepaired O6-methylguanine. Second-order rate constants were calculated in the absence or presence of the C-5 methyl group at neighboring cytosine residues. We found that the kinetics of AGT-mediated repair of O6-Me-dG were affected by neighboring 5-methylcytosine (MeC) in a sequence-dependent manner. AGT repair of O6-Me-dG adducts placed within 5′-CG-3′ dinucleotides of p53 codons 245 and 248 was hindered when MeC was present in both DNA strands. In contrast, cytosine methylation within p53 codon 158 slightly increased the rate of O6-Me-dG repair by AGT. The effects of MeC located immediately 5′ and in the base paired position to O6-Me-dG were not additive as revealed by experiments with hypomethylated sequences. Furthermore, differences in dealkylation rates did not correlate with AGT protein affinity for cytosine-methylated and unmethylated DNA duplexes or with the rates of AGT-mediated nucleotide flipping, suggesting that MeC influences other kinetic steps involved in repair, e.g. the rate of alkyl transfer from DNA to AGT.",
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Cytosine methylation effects on the repair of O6-methylguanines within CG dinucleotides. / Guza, Rebecca; Ma, Linan; Fang, Qingming; Pegg, Anthony E.; Tretyakova, Natalia.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 284, No. 34, 21.08.2009, p. 22601-22610.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Cytosine methylation effects on the repair of O6-methylguanines within CG dinucleotides

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AU - Ma, Linan

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AB - O6-Alkyldeoxyguanine adducts induced by tobacco-specific nitrosamines are repaired by O6-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase (AGT), which transfers the O6-alkyl group from the damaged base to a cysteine residue within the protein. In the present study, a mass spectrometry-based approach was used to analyze the effects of cytosine methylation on the kinetics of AGT repair of O6-methyldeoxyguanosine (O6-Me-dG) adducts placed within frequently mutated 5′-CG-3′ dinucleotides of the p53 tumor suppressor gene. O6-Me-dG-containing DNA duplexes were incubated with human recombinant AGT protein, followed by rapid quenching, acid hydrolysis, and isotope dilution high pressure liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry analysis of unrepaired O6-methylguanine. Second-order rate constants were calculated in the absence or presence of the C-5 methyl group at neighboring cytosine residues. We found that the kinetics of AGT-mediated repair of O6-Me-dG were affected by neighboring 5-methylcytosine (MeC) in a sequence-dependent manner. AGT repair of O6-Me-dG adducts placed within 5′-CG-3′ dinucleotides of p53 codons 245 and 248 was hindered when MeC was present in both DNA strands. In contrast, cytosine methylation within p53 codon 158 slightly increased the rate of O6-Me-dG repair by AGT. The effects of MeC located immediately 5′ and in the base paired position to O6-Me-dG were not additive as revealed by experiments with hypomethylated sequences. Furthermore, differences in dealkylation rates did not correlate with AGT protein affinity for cytosine-methylated and unmethylated DNA duplexes or with the rates of AGT-mediated nucleotide flipping, suggesting that MeC influences other kinetic steps involved in repair, e.g. the rate of alkyl transfer from DNA to AGT.

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