Cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration, [Ca2+](i), of single isolatd Ca2+-tolerant rat ventricular myocytes in primary culture was determined by digital video imaging of intracellular fura-2 fluorescence. In deenergized myocytes in which contractile elements were uncoupled by 2,3-butanedione monoxime, the maximum and minimum fluorescence intensity ratio values of fura-2 in the cell were similar when compared with those of fura-2 solutions observed in the microscope. Through the use of in vitro calibration [Ca2+](i) in quiescent, rod-shaped myocytes was 90 ± 6 nM. There was no detectable spatial heterogeneity in [Ca2+](i) in resting myocytes. Localized regions of [Ca2+](i) elevation were observed in cells undergoing spontaneous rhythmic contractions or when subjected to mild depolarization by KCl. Additions of gramicidin or veratridine resulted in massive increases in [Ca2+](i) (>1 μM) and immediate cell hypercontracture. Ruthenium red elicited a modest increase in [Ca2+](i) but extracellular ATP or epinephrine had no effect. We conclude the following: 1) digital video imaging of resting cardiac cells did not reveal any subcellular Ca2+ gradients; 2) the fluorescence properties of intracellular fura-2 were similar to that in free solution; and 3) subcellular heterogeneity of [Ca2+](i) in isolated myocytes was observed in cells undergoing spontaneous rhythmic contraction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1989|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology