Damage to n-mOSFETs from electrical stress relationship to processing damage and impact on device reliability

L. Trabzon, O. O. Awadelkarim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study reported herein examines and compares damage to n-channel and p-channel metal-oxide-silicon field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) from direct current (d.c.) and alternating current (a.c.) electrical stresses as well as the relationship of this damage to plasma processing damage in MOS-FETs. The lightly-doped drain (LDD) MOSFETs used are of 0.5 μm channel length and with a 90 Å thick thermally grown gate oxide fabricated using a full flow CMOS process up to and including metal-1 processes and post-metallization annealing (PMA). The damage to MOSFETs is assessed using transistor parameter characterization and charge-to-breakdown measurements on the gate oxide. It is found that manifestations of d.c. stress-induced damage and a.c. stress-induced damage to transistors are fairly similar in that both forms of damage are passivated by PMA and are reactivated by a subsequent d.c. electrical stress. However, a.c. stress-induced damage is observed to occur at much lower electric fields across the gate oxide than those necessary for d.c. stress-induced damage to be significant. This is attributed to a.c. currents, caused by carrier hopping, occurring at relatively low electric fields. One implication of our results is that plasma-charging damage, often attributed to d.c. electrical stress alone, may comprise an a.c. electrical stress component too.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-657
Number of pages7
JournalMicroelectronics Reliability
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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