Data driven mathematical model of colon cancer progression

Arkadz Kirshtein, Shaya Akbarinejad, Wenrui Hao, Trang Le, Sumeyye Su, Rachel A. Aronow, Leili Shahriyari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Every colon cancer has its own unique characteristics, and therefore may respond differently to identical treatments. Here, we develop a data driven mathematical model for the interaction network of key components of immune microenvironment in colon cancer. We estimate the relative abundance of each immune cell from gene expression profiles of tumors, and group patients based on their immune patterns. Then we compare the tumor sensitivity and progression in each of these groups of patients, and observe differences in the patterns of tumor growth between the groups. For instance, in tumors with a smaller density of naive macrophages than activated macrophages, a higher activation rate of macrophages leads to an increase in cancer cell density, demonstrating a negative effect of macrophages. Other tumors however, exhibit an opposite trend, showing a positive effect of macrophages in controlling tumor size. Although the results indicate that for all patients the size of the tumor is sensitive to the parameters related to macrophages, such as their activation and death rate, this research demonstrates that no single biomarker could predict the dynamics of tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3947
Pages (from-to)1-43
Number of pages43
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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