This paper examines the impact of several fenestration options on building space heating, cooling, and lighting loads. The use of skylights, windows, and clerestories is evaluated for a single floor commercial building, using the NBSLD-2 building energy analysis computer program, which possesses a fully integrated daylight model (DALITE). The evaluation focuses on: 1. (a) the impact of daylighting on heating and cooling energy and equipment sizing; 2. (b) the potential reduction in electric lighting energy requirements through daylight utilization; 3. (c) the relative daylighting and thermal performance of skylights, clerestories, and windows; and 4. (d) the effect of building orientation on fenestration optimization and selection. The NBSLD-2 computer procedure performs a dynamic simulation of hour-by-hour building thermal performance and energy requirements for a one-year period. The thermal and daylighting characteristics of each fenestration aperture are modeled to enable evaluation of the trade-offs associated with the use of each fenestration type. The results are correlated in the form of design guidelines to enable the preliminary design decisions to be made regarding fenestration location, type, configuration, and size. The energy calculations are presented as functions of fenestration characteristics, so that the potential energy advantages can be estimated for different fenestration designs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering