Decision-making and behavior fluidity: How focus on completion and emphasis on safety changes over the course of projects

Stephen Erik Humphrey, Henry Moon, Donald E. Conlon, David A. Hofmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the results of two longitudinal studies that examine how the level of project completion affects decisions and worker outcomes. In a lab study, we find that as a project approaches completion, task completion is rated as increasingly more important and economic motives (e.g., finishing on budget) as increasingly less important. We also find that incremental resources dedicated to safety demonstrate a curvilinear relationship with level of completion, with the least resources dedicated to safety in the middle of projects. In an archival field study, we use data from the road construction industry to find additional support for the curvilinear relationship between safety and level of completion found in the lab study, with worker accidents peaking near the midpoint of projects. Our results demonstrate that attentional focus and behavior are fluid over the course of a project, specifically in response to the level of completion of that project.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-27
Number of pages14
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

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Decision Making
Safety
Construction Industry
Budgets
Accidents
Longitudinal Studies
Economics
Decision making
Workers
Resources
Incremental
Field study
Longitudinal study
Construction industry
Road construction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Cite this

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Decision-making and behavior fluidity : How focus on completion and emphasis on safety changes over the course of projects. / Humphrey, Stephen Erik; Moon, Henry; Conlon, Donald E.; Hofmann, David A.

In: Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Vol. 93, No. 1, 01.01.2004, p. 14-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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