Deconvolving CO2-enhanced coalbed methane processes in subbituminous coals

Hemant Kumar, Derek Elsworth, Jonathan P. Mathews, Jishan Liu, Denis Pone

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The evolution of permeability in CO2-enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) recovery involves dynamic changes in coal shrinkage/swelling with the reduction/increase in gas sorption/desorption. Injection of CO2 changes local pore pressures and induces related matrix volume strains, modulated in part by the mechanical boundary conditions; changes in gas saturation and pressure induce changes in permeability. Typically the recovery of methane induces shrinkage and the injection of CO2 induces swelling - concomitantly permeability decreases where net swelling results and increases where net shrinkage is present. However, permeabilities are also impacted by other important physical phenomena, including water saturations and the sequence of sweeps by different gases used in ECBM. These may be N 2 or CO2. To address these issues we report experimental measurements of permeability evolution in subbituminous coal cores from the San Juan basin infiltrated by He, CH4 and CO2 under varying pore pressure at constant applied stresses. Experiments are completed with variable water saturations, gas saturations and effective stresses as key parameters modulating permeability evolution. For a subbituminous coal the presence of moisture reduces the sorption capacity, swells the coal volume and offers resistance in flow of other fluids (capillary forces) hence lowering permeability magnitudes. Reduction in permeability with sorption of CH 4 and CO2 is lower in wet samples than dry. However, absolute values of permeability for dry samples are higher than the moist (9% moisture content). Swelling induced by sorption of CH4 and CO 2 in the coal matrix likely causes aperture reduction including cleat closure. Experimental observations indicate that the magnitude of swelling increases with pore pressure. Preliminary test results demonstrate that the permeability of subbituminous coal (San Juan basin) does not show a significant change with pore pressure for a non-sorbing gas (He), implying the relative stiffness of these coals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 6 2011
Event45th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 26 2011Jun 29 2011

Other

Other45th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period6/26/116/29/11

Fingerprint

subbituminous coal
coalbed methane
Coal
coal
permeability
methane
Pore pressure
Swelling
Gases
Sorption
swelling
sorption
pore pressure
shrinkage
saturation
porosity
gases
gas
Moisture
Capillary flow

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Kumar, H., Elsworth, D., Mathews, J. P., Liu, J., & Pone, D. (2011). Deconvolving CO2-enhanced coalbed methane processes in subbituminous coals. Paper presented at 45th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium, San Francisco, CA, United States.
Kumar, Hemant ; Elsworth, Derek ; Mathews, Jonathan P. ; Liu, Jishan ; Pone, Denis. / Deconvolving CO2-enhanced coalbed methane processes in subbituminous coals. Paper presented at 45th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium, San Francisco, CA, United States.
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abstract = "The evolution of permeability in CO2-enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) recovery involves dynamic changes in coal shrinkage/swelling with the reduction/increase in gas sorption/desorption. Injection of CO2 changes local pore pressures and induces related matrix volume strains, modulated in part by the mechanical boundary conditions; changes in gas saturation and pressure induce changes in permeability. Typically the recovery of methane induces shrinkage and the injection of CO2 induces swelling - concomitantly permeability decreases where net swelling results and increases where net shrinkage is present. However, permeabilities are also impacted by other important physical phenomena, including water saturations and the sequence of sweeps by different gases used in ECBM. These may be N 2 or CO2. To address these issues we report experimental measurements of permeability evolution in subbituminous coal cores from the San Juan basin infiltrated by He, CH4 and CO2 under varying pore pressure at constant applied stresses. Experiments are completed with variable water saturations, gas saturations and effective stresses as key parameters modulating permeability evolution. For a subbituminous coal the presence of moisture reduces the sorption capacity, swells the coal volume and offers resistance in flow of other fluids (capillary forces) hence lowering permeability magnitudes. Reduction in permeability with sorption of CH 4 and CO2 is lower in wet samples than dry. However, absolute values of permeability for dry samples are higher than the moist (9{\%} moisture content). Swelling induced by sorption of CH4 and CO 2 in the coal matrix likely causes aperture reduction including cleat closure. Experimental observations indicate that the magnitude of swelling increases with pore pressure. Preliminary test results demonstrate that the permeability of subbituminous coal (San Juan basin) does not show a significant change with pore pressure for a non-sorbing gas (He), implying the relative stiffness of these coals.",
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Kumar, H, Elsworth, D, Mathews, JP, Liu, J & Pone, D 2011, 'Deconvolving CO2-enhanced coalbed methane processes in subbituminous coals' Paper presented at 45th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium, San Francisco, CA, United States, 6/26/11 - 6/29/11, .

Deconvolving CO2-enhanced coalbed methane processes in subbituminous coals. / Kumar, Hemant; Elsworth, Derek; Mathews, Jonathan P.; Liu, Jishan; Pone, Denis.

2011. Paper presented at 45th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Deconvolving CO2-enhanced coalbed methane processes in subbituminous coals

AU - Kumar, Hemant

AU - Elsworth, Derek

AU - Mathews, Jonathan P.

AU - Liu, Jishan

AU - Pone, Denis

PY - 2011/12/6

Y1 - 2011/12/6

N2 - The evolution of permeability in CO2-enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) recovery involves dynamic changes in coal shrinkage/swelling with the reduction/increase in gas sorption/desorption. Injection of CO2 changes local pore pressures and induces related matrix volume strains, modulated in part by the mechanical boundary conditions; changes in gas saturation and pressure induce changes in permeability. Typically the recovery of methane induces shrinkage and the injection of CO2 induces swelling - concomitantly permeability decreases where net swelling results and increases where net shrinkage is present. However, permeabilities are also impacted by other important physical phenomena, including water saturations and the sequence of sweeps by different gases used in ECBM. These may be N 2 or CO2. To address these issues we report experimental measurements of permeability evolution in subbituminous coal cores from the San Juan basin infiltrated by He, CH4 and CO2 under varying pore pressure at constant applied stresses. Experiments are completed with variable water saturations, gas saturations and effective stresses as key parameters modulating permeability evolution. For a subbituminous coal the presence of moisture reduces the sorption capacity, swells the coal volume and offers resistance in flow of other fluids (capillary forces) hence lowering permeability magnitudes. Reduction in permeability with sorption of CH 4 and CO2 is lower in wet samples than dry. However, absolute values of permeability for dry samples are higher than the moist (9% moisture content). Swelling induced by sorption of CH4 and CO 2 in the coal matrix likely causes aperture reduction including cleat closure. Experimental observations indicate that the magnitude of swelling increases with pore pressure. Preliminary test results demonstrate that the permeability of subbituminous coal (San Juan basin) does not show a significant change with pore pressure for a non-sorbing gas (He), implying the relative stiffness of these coals.

AB - The evolution of permeability in CO2-enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) recovery involves dynamic changes in coal shrinkage/swelling with the reduction/increase in gas sorption/desorption. Injection of CO2 changes local pore pressures and induces related matrix volume strains, modulated in part by the mechanical boundary conditions; changes in gas saturation and pressure induce changes in permeability. Typically the recovery of methane induces shrinkage and the injection of CO2 induces swelling - concomitantly permeability decreases where net swelling results and increases where net shrinkage is present. However, permeabilities are also impacted by other important physical phenomena, including water saturations and the sequence of sweeps by different gases used in ECBM. These may be N 2 or CO2. To address these issues we report experimental measurements of permeability evolution in subbituminous coal cores from the San Juan basin infiltrated by He, CH4 and CO2 under varying pore pressure at constant applied stresses. Experiments are completed with variable water saturations, gas saturations and effective stresses as key parameters modulating permeability evolution. For a subbituminous coal the presence of moisture reduces the sorption capacity, swells the coal volume and offers resistance in flow of other fluids (capillary forces) hence lowering permeability magnitudes. Reduction in permeability with sorption of CH 4 and CO2 is lower in wet samples than dry. However, absolute values of permeability for dry samples are higher than the moist (9% moisture content). Swelling induced by sorption of CH4 and CO 2 in the coal matrix likely causes aperture reduction including cleat closure. Experimental observations indicate that the magnitude of swelling increases with pore pressure. Preliminary test results demonstrate that the permeability of subbituminous coal (San Juan basin) does not show a significant change with pore pressure for a non-sorbing gas (He), implying the relative stiffness of these coals.

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M3 - Paper

ER -

Kumar H, Elsworth D, Mathews JP, Liu J, Pone D. Deconvolving CO2-enhanced coalbed methane processes in subbituminous coals. 2011. Paper presented at 45th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium, San Francisco, CA, United States.