Local blood flow was measured in the caudate nuclei and, in some cases, other areas of rat and monkey brain by the hydrogen clearance technique. Resting values for caudate blood flow in the rat were similar to those reported elsewhere, i.e. 69 ± 4 ml/min/100 g in the caudate. Administering d-amphetamine sulfate (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) to rats reduced caudate flow by a maximum of about 33% after 30 min; this effect could be blocked by pretreatment with haloperidol (5.0 mg/kg, i.p.), a drug that blocks dopamine receptors. d-Amphetamine sulfate (1.5 mg/kg) also reduced caudate but not cortical blood flow in unanesthetized monkeys. Electrical stimulation of the pars compacta of the substantia nigra reduced ipsilateral caudate flow by about 25% without affecting flow in the contralateral caudate. This effect varied with the frequency and intensity of stimulation. These studies suggest that the intraparenchymal release of brain dopamine may modify intraparenchymal (local) blood flow.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology