Decreased leftward 'aiming' motor-intentional spatial cuing in traumatic brain injury

Daymond Wagner, Paul J. Eslinger, A. M. Barrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To characterize the mediation of attention and action in space following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Method: Two exploratory analyses were performed to determine the influence of spatial 'Aiming' motor versus spatial 'Where' bias on line bisection in TBI participants. The first experiment compared performance according to severity and location of injury in TBI. The second experiment examined bisection performance in a larger TBI sample against a matched control group. In both experiments, participants bisected lines in near and far space using an apparatus that allowed for the fractionation of spatial Aiming versus Where error components. Results: In the first experiment, participants with severe injuries tended to incur rightward error when starting from the right in far space, compared with participants with mild injuries. In the second experiment, when performance was examined at the individual level, more participants with TBI tended to incur rightward motor error compared to controls. Conclusions: TBI may cause frontal-subcortical cognitive dysfunction and asymmetric motor perseveration, affecting spatial Aiming bias on line bisection. Potential effects on real-world function need further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)731-741
Number of pages11
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Fingerprint

Wounds and Injuries
Traumatic Brain Injury
Research Design
Experiment
Control Groups
Cognitive Dysfunction
Control Group
Mediation
Fractionation
Perseveration
Real World
Causes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

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abstract = "To characterize the mediation of attention and action in space following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Method: Two exploratory analyses were performed to determine the influence of spatial 'Aiming' motor versus spatial 'Where' bias on line bisection in TBI participants. The first experiment compared performance according to severity and location of injury in TBI. The second experiment examined bisection performance in a larger TBI sample against a matched control group. In both experiments, participants bisected lines in near and far space using an apparatus that allowed for the fractionation of spatial Aiming versus Where error components. Results: In the first experiment, participants with severe injuries tended to incur rightward error when starting from the right in far space, compared with participants with mild injuries. In the second experiment, when performance was examined at the individual level, more participants with TBI tended to incur rightward motor error compared to controls. Conclusions: TBI may cause frontal-subcortical cognitive dysfunction and asymmetric motor perseveration, affecting spatial Aiming bias on line bisection. Potential effects on real-world function need further investigation.",
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Decreased leftward 'aiming' motor-intentional spatial cuing in traumatic brain injury. / Wagner, Daymond; Eslinger, Paul J.; Barrett, A. M.

In: Neuropsychology, Vol. 30, No. 6, 01.09.2016, p. 731-741.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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