Deep Learning-Aided Synthetic Airspeed Estimation of UAVs for Analytical Redundancy with a Temporal Convolutional Network

Hyungtae Lim, Hanseok Ryu, Matthew B. Rhudy, Dongjin Lee, Dongjin Jang, Changho Lee, Youngmin Park, Wonkeun Youn, Hyun Myung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A synthetic air data system (SADS) is an analytical redundancy technique that is crucial for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and is used as a backup system during air data sensor failures. Unfortunately, the existing state-of-the-art approaches for SADS require GPS signals or high-fidelity dynamic UAV models. To address this problem, a novel synthetic airspeed estimation method that leverages deep learning and an unscented Kalman filter (UKF) for analytical redundancy is proposed. Our novel fusion-based method only requires an inertial measurement unit (IMU), elevator control input, and airflow angles while GPS, lift/drag coefficients, and complex aircraft dynamic models are not required. Additionally, we demonstrate that our proposed temporal convolutional network (TCN) is a more efficient model for airspeed estimation than the renowned models, such as ResNet or bidirectional long short-term memory (LSTM). Our deep learning-aided UKF was experimentally verified on long-duration real flight data and has promising performance compared with the state-of-the-art methods. In particular, it is confirmed that our proposed method robustly estimates the airspeed even under dynamic flight conditions where the performance of conventional methods is degraded.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-24
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Control and Optimization
  • Artificial Intelligence

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