Deep learning for image-based cassava disease detection

Amanda Ramcharan, Kelsee Baranowski, Peter McCloskey, Babuali Ahmed, James Legg, David P. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cassava is the third largest source of carbohydrates for human food in the world but is vulnerable to virus diseases, which threaten to destabilize food security in sub-Saharan Africa. Novel methods of cassava disease detection are needed to support improved control which will prevent this crisis. Image recognition offers both a cost effective and scalable technology for disease detection. New deep learning models offer an avenue for this technology to be easily deployed on mobile devices. Using a dataset of cassava disease images taken in the field in Tanzania, we applied transfer learning to train a deep convolutional neural network to identify three diseases and two types of pest damage (or lack thereof). The best trained model accuracies were 98% for brown leaf spot (BLS), 96% for red mite damage (RMD), 95% for green mite damage (GMD), 98% for cassava brown streak disease (CBSD), and 96% for cassava mosaic disease (CMD). The best model achieved an overall accuracy of 93% for data not used in the training process. Our results show that the transfer learning approach for image recognition of field images offers a fast, affordable, and easily deployable strategy for digital plant disease detection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1852
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 27 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Deep learning for image-based cassava disease detection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this