Defects introduced by room-temperature electron irradiation and subsequent annealing in boron-doped silicon are studied by means of deep-level transient spectroscopy, photoluminescence, and optical detection of magnetic resonance (ODMR) techniques. ODMR reveals a thermally induced paramagnetic (S=(1/2) defect center that is produced following annealing at 400°C. The center possesses a C3v point-group symmetry with the trigonal axis along 111. Detailed analysis of the ODMR line shapes indicates the involvement of a silicon atom in the defect center. It appears from the results that boron is either another possible defect component or an essential catalyst for the defect formation. The occurrence of the ODMR signal together with a luminescence band peaking at 0.80 eV is independent of oxygen or carbon contents in the samples. The band does not belong to the center observed by ODMR; however, a decrease in its intensity, under resonance conditions in the ODMR center, is explained in terms of carrier recombination, capture, or energy-transfer processes involving this center. Annealing studies on a metastable hole trap observed at Ev+0.12 eV (Ev being the top of the valence band) establish the trap assignment to a carbon-interstitial carbon-substitutional pair. The introduction of postannealing traps observed at Ev+0.07 eV, Ev+0.45 eV, and Ec-0.59 eV (Ec being the conduction-band edge) is found to be boron dependent. Isothermal formation of the centers responsible for these traps are observed, and none of the traps appears to be related to either the center observed by ODMR or the 0.80-eV band.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics