Defect Engineering and Surface Functionalization of Nanocarbons for Metal-Free Catalysis

Josue Ortiz-Medina, Zhipeng Wang, Rodolfo Cruz-Silva, Aaron Morelos-Gomez, Feng Wang, Xiangdong Yao, Mauricio Terrones, Morinobu Endo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

With the advent of carbon nanotechnology, which initiated significant research efforts more than two decades ago, novel materials for energy harvesting and storage have emerged at an amazing pace. Nevertheless, some fundamental applications are still dominated by traditional materials, and it is especially evident in the case of catalysis, and environmental-related electrochemical reactions, where precious metals such as Pt and Ir are widely used. Several strategies are being explored for achieving competitive and feasible metal-free carbon nanomaterials, among which doping and defect engineering approaches within nanocarbons are recurrent and promising. Here, the most recent efforts regarding the control of doping and defects in carbon nanostructures for catalysis, and in particular for energy-related applications, are addressed. Finally, an overview of alternative proposals that can make a difference when enabling carbon nanomaterials as efficient and emerging catalysts is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1805717
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume31
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 27 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Defect Engineering and Surface Functionalization of Nanocarbons for Metal-Free Catalysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this