Defects and magnetic hyperfine fields in ZrFe2 investigated using perturbed-angular-correlation spectroscopy

Arthur Thompson Motta, Gary L. Catchen, Stephen E. Cumblidge, R. L. Rasera, Andrea Paesano, Amaral Livio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We have measured the temperature dependence of the electric and magnetic hyperfine interactions at 181Ta nuclei substituted into the Zr site in the Laves-phase compound ZrFe2, using the perturbed angular correlation of γ rays emitted after the β decays of 181Hf probe nuclei. Although the overall crystal structure is cubic, a weak strongly damped electric-quadrupole interaction is observed, which shows no significant temperature dependence over the investigated temperature range from 290�1300 K. Thus below the magnetic ordering temperature TC of 631(2) K we observe combined magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole hyperfine interactions. Two separate magnetic components characterize the magnetic-dipole interactions. For the interaction at the primary site, which is occupied by 70�80% of the probes, the Larmor frequency measured at temperature has a value of ωL=407(1)Mrad sec-1. The secondary site is populated by the remaining 20�30% of the probes, for which the corresponding Larmor frequency has a room temperature value of ωL=579(3)Mrad sec-1. We attribute the primary interaction to the “perfect-crystal” probe environment at the Zr site, whereas we ascribe the secondary interaction to the enhancement of the transferred hyperfine field by the presence of Fe antisite defects near the Zr site. At temperatures below but very close to TC, those frequencies cannot be determined for either interaction, because the magnetic-hyperfine and the electric-quadrupole frequencies converge to comparable values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1188-1196
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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angular correlation
Spectroscopy
Magnetic fields
Defects
defects
spectroscopy
interactions
Temperature
probes
quadrupoles
magnetic dipoles
antisite defects
temperature dependence
nuclei
Laves phases
temperature
Magnetization
Crystal structure
rays
Crystals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Motta, Arthur Thompson ; Catchen, Gary L. ; Cumblidge, Stephen E. ; Rasera, R. L. ; Paesano, Andrea ; Livio, Amaral. / Defects and magnetic hyperfine fields in ZrFe2 investigated using perturbed-angular-correlation spectroscopy. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 1999 ; Vol. 60, No. 2. pp. 1188-1196.
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Defects and magnetic hyperfine fields in ZrFe2 investigated using perturbed-angular-correlation spectroscopy. / Motta, Arthur Thompson; Catchen, Gary L.; Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Rasera, R. L.; Paesano, Andrea; Livio, Amaral.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 60, No. 2, 01.01.1999, p. 1188-1196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Defects and magnetic hyperfine fields in ZrFe2 investigated using perturbed-angular-correlation spectroscopy

AU - Motta, Arthur Thompson

AU - Catchen, Gary L.

AU - Cumblidge, Stephen E.

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AU - Paesano, Andrea

AU - Livio, Amaral

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N2 - We have measured the temperature dependence of the electric and magnetic hyperfine interactions at 181Ta nuclei substituted into the Zr site in the Laves-phase compound ZrFe2, using the perturbed angular correlation of γ rays emitted after the β− decays of 181Hf probe nuclei. Although the overall crystal structure is cubic, a weak strongly damped electric-quadrupole interaction is observed, which shows no significant temperature dependence over the investigated temperature range from 290�1300 K. Thus below the magnetic ordering temperature TC of 631(2) K we observe combined magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole hyperfine interactions. Two separate magnetic components characterize the magnetic-dipole interactions. For the interaction at the primary site, which is occupied by 70�80% of the probes, the Larmor frequency measured at temperature has a value of ωL=407(1)Mrad sec-1. The secondary site is populated by the remaining 20�30% of the probes, for which the corresponding Larmor frequency has a room temperature value of ωL=579(3)Mrad sec-1. We attribute the primary interaction to the “perfect-crystal” probe environment at the Zr site, whereas we ascribe the secondary interaction to the enhancement of the transferred hyperfine field by the presence of Fe antisite defects near the Zr site. At temperatures below but very close to TC, those frequencies cannot be determined for either interaction, because the magnetic-hyperfine and the electric-quadrupole frequencies converge to comparable values.

AB - We have measured the temperature dependence of the electric and magnetic hyperfine interactions at 181Ta nuclei substituted into the Zr site in the Laves-phase compound ZrFe2, using the perturbed angular correlation of γ rays emitted after the β− decays of 181Hf probe nuclei. Although the overall crystal structure is cubic, a weak strongly damped electric-quadrupole interaction is observed, which shows no significant temperature dependence over the investigated temperature range from 290�1300 K. Thus below the magnetic ordering temperature TC of 631(2) K we observe combined magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole hyperfine interactions. Two separate magnetic components characterize the magnetic-dipole interactions. For the interaction at the primary site, which is occupied by 70�80% of the probes, the Larmor frequency measured at temperature has a value of ωL=407(1)Mrad sec-1. The secondary site is populated by the remaining 20�30% of the probes, for which the corresponding Larmor frequency has a room temperature value of ωL=579(3)Mrad sec-1. We attribute the primary interaction to the “perfect-crystal” probe environment at the Zr site, whereas we ascribe the secondary interaction to the enhancement of the transferred hyperfine field by the presence of Fe antisite defects near the Zr site. At temperatures below but very close to TC, those frequencies cannot be determined for either interaction, because the magnetic-hyperfine and the electric-quadrupole frequencies converge to comparable values.

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