Demographic, maltreatment, and neurobiological correlates of PTSD symptoms in children and adolescents

Michael D. De Bellis, Stephen R. Hooper, Donald P. Woolley, Chad Edward Shenk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ObjectiveTo examine the relationships of demographic, maltreatment, neurostructural and neuropsychological measures with total posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.MethodsParticipants included 216 children with maltreatment histories (N = 49), maltreatment and PTSD (N = 49), or no maltreatment (N = 118). Participants received diagnostic interviews, brain imaging, and neuropsychological evaluations.ResultsWe examined a hierarchical regression model comprised of independent variables including demographics, trauma and maltreatment-related variables, and hippocampal volumes and neuropsychological measures to model PTSD symptoms. Important independent contributors to this model were SES, and General Maltreatment and Sexual Abuse Factors. Although hippocampal volumes were not significant, Visual Memory was a significant contributor to this model.ConclusionsSimilar to adult PTSD, pediatric PTSD symptoms are associated with lower Visual Memory performance. It is an important correlate of PTSD beyond established predictors of PTSD symptoms. These results support models of developmental traumatology and suggest that treatments which enhance visual memory may decrease symptoms of PTSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)570-577
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

Fingerprint

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Demography
Traumatology
Child Abuse
Sex Offenses
Neuroimaging
Interviews
Pediatrics
Wounds and Injuries

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

De Bellis, Michael D. ; Hooper, Stephen R. ; Woolley, Donald P. ; Shenk, Chad Edward. / Demographic, maltreatment, and neurobiological correlates of PTSD symptoms in children and adolescents. In: Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2010 ; Vol. 35, No. 5. pp. 570-577.
@article{c7582a51455c4630bdb28219f74c33b7,
title = "Demographic, maltreatment, and neurobiological correlates of PTSD symptoms in children and adolescents",
abstract = "ObjectiveTo examine the relationships of demographic, maltreatment, neurostructural and neuropsychological measures with total posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.MethodsParticipants included 216 children with maltreatment histories (N = 49), maltreatment and PTSD (N = 49), or no maltreatment (N = 118). Participants received diagnostic interviews, brain imaging, and neuropsychological evaluations.ResultsWe examined a hierarchical regression model comprised of independent variables including demographics, trauma and maltreatment-related variables, and hippocampal volumes and neuropsychological measures to model PTSD symptoms. Important independent contributors to this model were SES, and General Maltreatment and Sexual Abuse Factors. Although hippocampal volumes were not significant, Visual Memory was a significant contributor to this model.ConclusionsSimilar to adult PTSD, pediatric PTSD symptoms are associated with lower Visual Memory performance. It is an important correlate of PTSD beyond established predictors of PTSD symptoms. These results support models of developmental traumatology and suggest that treatments which enhance visual memory may decrease symptoms of PTSD.",
author = "{De Bellis}, {Michael D.} and Hooper, {Stephen R.} and Woolley, {Donald P.} and Shenk, {Chad Edward}",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/jpepsy/jsp116",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "570--577",
journal = "Journal of Pediatric Psychology",
issn = "0146-8693",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "5",

}

Demographic, maltreatment, and neurobiological correlates of PTSD symptoms in children and adolescents. / De Bellis, Michael D.; Hooper, Stephen R.; Woolley, Donald P.; Shenk, Chad Edward.

In: Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Vol. 35, No. 5, 01.06.2010, p. 570-577.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Demographic, maltreatment, and neurobiological correlates of PTSD symptoms in children and adolescents

AU - De Bellis, Michael D.

AU - Hooper, Stephen R.

AU - Woolley, Donald P.

AU - Shenk, Chad Edward

PY - 2010/6/1

Y1 - 2010/6/1

N2 - ObjectiveTo examine the relationships of demographic, maltreatment, neurostructural and neuropsychological measures with total posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.MethodsParticipants included 216 children with maltreatment histories (N = 49), maltreatment and PTSD (N = 49), or no maltreatment (N = 118). Participants received diagnostic interviews, brain imaging, and neuropsychological evaluations.ResultsWe examined a hierarchical regression model comprised of independent variables including demographics, trauma and maltreatment-related variables, and hippocampal volumes and neuropsychological measures to model PTSD symptoms. Important independent contributors to this model were SES, and General Maltreatment and Sexual Abuse Factors. Although hippocampal volumes were not significant, Visual Memory was a significant contributor to this model.ConclusionsSimilar to adult PTSD, pediatric PTSD symptoms are associated with lower Visual Memory performance. It is an important correlate of PTSD beyond established predictors of PTSD symptoms. These results support models of developmental traumatology and suggest that treatments which enhance visual memory may decrease symptoms of PTSD.

AB - ObjectiveTo examine the relationships of demographic, maltreatment, neurostructural and neuropsychological measures with total posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.MethodsParticipants included 216 children with maltreatment histories (N = 49), maltreatment and PTSD (N = 49), or no maltreatment (N = 118). Participants received diagnostic interviews, brain imaging, and neuropsychological evaluations.ResultsWe examined a hierarchical regression model comprised of independent variables including demographics, trauma and maltreatment-related variables, and hippocampal volumes and neuropsychological measures to model PTSD symptoms. Important independent contributors to this model were SES, and General Maltreatment and Sexual Abuse Factors. Although hippocampal volumes were not significant, Visual Memory was a significant contributor to this model.ConclusionsSimilar to adult PTSD, pediatric PTSD symptoms are associated with lower Visual Memory performance. It is an important correlate of PTSD beyond established predictors of PTSD symptoms. These results support models of developmental traumatology and suggest that treatments which enhance visual memory may decrease symptoms of PTSD.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77952980481&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77952980481&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/jpepsy/jsp116

DO - 10.1093/jpepsy/jsp116

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 570

EP - 577

JO - Journal of Pediatric Psychology

JF - Journal of Pediatric Psychology

SN - 0146-8693

IS - 5

ER -