Demystifying the nomenclature of bacterial plant pathogens

C. T. Bull, S. H. de Boer, P. Denny, G. Firrao, M. Fischer-Le saux, G. S. Saddler, M. Scortichini, D. E. Stead, Y. Takikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A unified approach to naming bacteria ensures accurate communication among scientists, regulators and the public. Rules for nomenclature, set out in the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (ICNB), ensure that proposals for new names and combinations follow a logical and standardized progression that maintains the integrity of the established nomenclature while facilitating changes based on scientific inquiry into relationships among organisms. However, these Rules only apply to ranks at the level of subspecies and above and not to lower taxonomic ranks. The pathovar is one infraspecific rank that is widely used in the classification and nomenclature of plant pathogenic bacteria and is often included in legislation to provide statutory control of bacterial plant pathogens. Thus, phytobacteriologists must rely on two discontinuous but, complimentary systems: the Rules set forth in ICNB for naming down to subspecies level, and the Standards in the International Standards for Naming Pathovars of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria to name pathovars. A framework for determining the priority of names is provided by the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, which gives genus, species and subspecies names and their corresponding type strains, and subsequent lists of validly published names appearing in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. For pathovar names priority is based on the date of valid publication of legitimate names. A list of pathovar names and pathotype strains is maintained by the Committee on the Taxonomy of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria of the International Society of Plant Pathology. To help researchers avoid common pitfalls encountered when developing nomenclature for novel classification systems, this manuscript clarifies several key Rules and Standards. It aims to promote best practice, in that names developed to conform to the ICNB should also consider precedents set by previous nomenclatural designations as per the International Standards for Naming Pathovars of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, thus ensuring continuity across the nomenclature of all phytopathogenic bacteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-417
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Plant Pathology
Volume90
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1 2008

Fingerprint

plant pathogenic bacteria
plant pathogens
bacteria
taxonomy
plant pathology
nomen novum
pathotypes
communication (human)
microbiology
committees
laws and regulations
new combination
pathovars
researchers
organisms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Bull, C. T., de Boer, S. H., Denny, P., Firrao, G., Fischer-Le saux, M., Saddler, G. S., ... Takikawa, Y. (2008). Demystifying the nomenclature of bacterial plant pathogens. Journal of Plant Pathology, 90(3), 403-417.
Bull, C. T. ; de Boer, S. H. ; Denny, P. ; Firrao, G. ; Fischer-Le saux, M. ; Saddler, G. S. ; Scortichini, M. ; Stead, D. E. ; Takikawa, Y. / Demystifying the nomenclature of bacterial plant pathogens. In: Journal of Plant Pathology. 2008 ; Vol. 90, No. 3. pp. 403-417.
@article{a3d5a58149ee452bbcf982a37b476a03,
title = "Demystifying the nomenclature of bacterial plant pathogens",
abstract = "A unified approach to naming bacteria ensures accurate communication among scientists, regulators and the public. Rules for nomenclature, set out in the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (ICNB), ensure that proposals for new names and combinations follow a logical and standardized progression that maintains the integrity of the established nomenclature while facilitating changes based on scientific inquiry into relationships among organisms. However, these Rules only apply to ranks at the level of subspecies and above and not to lower taxonomic ranks. The pathovar is one infraspecific rank that is widely used in the classification and nomenclature of plant pathogenic bacteria and is often included in legislation to provide statutory control of bacterial plant pathogens. Thus, phytobacteriologists must rely on two discontinuous but, complimentary systems: the Rules set forth in ICNB for naming down to subspecies level, and the Standards in the International Standards for Naming Pathovars of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria to name pathovars. A framework for determining the priority of names is provided by the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, which gives genus, species and subspecies names and their corresponding type strains, and subsequent lists of validly published names appearing in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. For pathovar names priority is based on the date of valid publication of legitimate names. A list of pathovar names and pathotype strains is maintained by the Committee on the Taxonomy of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria of the International Society of Plant Pathology. To help researchers avoid common pitfalls encountered when developing nomenclature for novel classification systems, this manuscript clarifies several key Rules and Standards. It aims to promote best practice, in that names developed to conform to the ICNB should also consider precedents set by previous nomenclatural designations as per the International Standards for Naming Pathovars of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, thus ensuring continuity across the nomenclature of all phytopathogenic bacteria.",
author = "Bull, {C. T.} and {de Boer}, {S. H.} and P. Denny and G. Firrao and {Fischer-Le saux}, M. and Saddler, {G. S.} and M. Scortichini and Stead, {D. E.} and Y. Takikawa",
year = "2008",
month = "11",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "90",
pages = "403--417",
journal = "Journal of Plant Pathology",
issn = "1125-4653",
publisher = "Edizioni E.T.S.",
number = "3",

}

Bull, CT, de Boer, SH, Denny, P, Firrao, G, Fischer-Le saux, M, Saddler, GS, Scortichini, M, Stead, DE & Takikawa, Y 2008, 'Demystifying the nomenclature of bacterial plant pathogens', Journal of Plant Pathology, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 403-417.

Demystifying the nomenclature of bacterial plant pathogens. / Bull, C. T.; de Boer, S. H.; Denny, P.; Firrao, G.; Fischer-Le saux, M.; Saddler, G. S.; Scortichini, M.; Stead, D. E.; Takikawa, Y.

In: Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 90, No. 3, 01.11.2008, p. 403-417.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Demystifying the nomenclature of bacterial plant pathogens

AU - Bull, C. T.

AU - de Boer, S. H.

AU - Denny, P.

AU - Firrao, G.

AU - Fischer-Le saux, M.

AU - Saddler, G. S.

AU - Scortichini, M.

AU - Stead, D. E.

AU - Takikawa, Y.

PY - 2008/11/1

Y1 - 2008/11/1

N2 - A unified approach to naming bacteria ensures accurate communication among scientists, regulators and the public. Rules for nomenclature, set out in the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (ICNB), ensure that proposals for new names and combinations follow a logical and standardized progression that maintains the integrity of the established nomenclature while facilitating changes based on scientific inquiry into relationships among organisms. However, these Rules only apply to ranks at the level of subspecies and above and not to lower taxonomic ranks. The pathovar is one infraspecific rank that is widely used in the classification and nomenclature of plant pathogenic bacteria and is often included in legislation to provide statutory control of bacterial plant pathogens. Thus, phytobacteriologists must rely on two discontinuous but, complimentary systems: the Rules set forth in ICNB for naming down to subspecies level, and the Standards in the International Standards for Naming Pathovars of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria to name pathovars. A framework for determining the priority of names is provided by the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, which gives genus, species and subspecies names and their corresponding type strains, and subsequent lists of validly published names appearing in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. For pathovar names priority is based on the date of valid publication of legitimate names. A list of pathovar names and pathotype strains is maintained by the Committee on the Taxonomy of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria of the International Society of Plant Pathology. To help researchers avoid common pitfalls encountered when developing nomenclature for novel classification systems, this manuscript clarifies several key Rules and Standards. It aims to promote best practice, in that names developed to conform to the ICNB should also consider precedents set by previous nomenclatural designations as per the International Standards for Naming Pathovars of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, thus ensuring continuity across the nomenclature of all phytopathogenic bacteria.

AB - A unified approach to naming bacteria ensures accurate communication among scientists, regulators and the public. Rules for nomenclature, set out in the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (ICNB), ensure that proposals for new names and combinations follow a logical and standardized progression that maintains the integrity of the established nomenclature while facilitating changes based on scientific inquiry into relationships among organisms. However, these Rules only apply to ranks at the level of subspecies and above and not to lower taxonomic ranks. The pathovar is one infraspecific rank that is widely used in the classification and nomenclature of plant pathogenic bacteria and is often included in legislation to provide statutory control of bacterial plant pathogens. Thus, phytobacteriologists must rely on two discontinuous but, complimentary systems: the Rules set forth in ICNB for naming down to subspecies level, and the Standards in the International Standards for Naming Pathovars of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria to name pathovars. A framework for determining the priority of names is provided by the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, which gives genus, species and subspecies names and their corresponding type strains, and subsequent lists of validly published names appearing in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. For pathovar names priority is based on the date of valid publication of legitimate names. A list of pathovar names and pathotype strains is maintained by the Committee on the Taxonomy of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria of the International Society of Plant Pathology. To help researchers avoid common pitfalls encountered when developing nomenclature for novel classification systems, this manuscript clarifies several key Rules and Standards. It aims to promote best practice, in that names developed to conform to the ICNB should also consider precedents set by previous nomenclatural designations as per the International Standards for Naming Pathovars of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, thus ensuring continuity across the nomenclature of all phytopathogenic bacteria.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77749329604&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77749329604&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77749329604

VL - 90

SP - 403

EP - 417

JO - Journal of Plant Pathology

JF - Journal of Plant Pathology

SN - 1125-4653

IS - 3

ER -

Bull CT, de Boer SH, Denny P, Firrao G, Fischer-Le saux M, Saddler GS et al. Demystifying the nomenclature of bacterial plant pathogens. Journal of Plant Pathology. 2008 Nov 1;90(3):403-417.