Dengue among United Nations Mission in Haiti personnel, 1995

Implications for preventive medicine

Jeffrey M. Gambel, Joseph Drabick, Michael A. Swalko, Erik A. Henchal, Cynthia A. Rossi, Lester Martinez-Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incidence of dengue infections has been increasing in the Caribbean, and cases have been identified among successive deployments of multinational peacekeepers to Haiti (1994-1997). In the absence of an effective vaccine or chemoprophylaxis to prevent dengue fever, vector-control operations and use of personal protection measures to prevent arthropod bites are the most effective means of limiting disease transmission. During our 5-month deployment as part of the United Nations Mission in Haiti, 79 cases of recent dengue fever were identified among 249 patients (32%) presenting with febrile illness to the 86th Combat Support Hospital. Further investigation revealed low unit readiness to perform standard vector-control activities and poor individual adherence to measures to prevent arthropod bites. Command enforcement of existing field preventive medicine doctrine is essential to prevent casualties caused by dengue, other arthropod-borne infections, and nuisance arthropod bites during military deployments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-302
Number of pages3
JournalMilitary Medicine
Volume164
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 1999

Fingerprint

Haiti
Preventive Medicine
Dengue
Arthropods
United Nations
Bites and Stings
Chemoprevention
Infection
Fever
Vaccines
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Gambel, J. M., Drabick, J., Swalko, M. A., Henchal, E. A., Rossi, C. A., & Martinez-Lopez, L. (1999). Dengue among United Nations Mission in Haiti personnel, 1995: Implications for preventive medicine. Military Medicine, 164(4), 300-302.
Gambel, Jeffrey M. ; Drabick, Joseph ; Swalko, Michael A. ; Henchal, Erik A. ; Rossi, Cynthia A. ; Martinez-Lopez, Lester. / Dengue among United Nations Mission in Haiti personnel, 1995 : Implications for preventive medicine. In: Military Medicine. 1999 ; Vol. 164, No. 4. pp. 300-302.
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Gambel, JM, Drabick, J, Swalko, MA, Henchal, EA, Rossi, CA & Martinez-Lopez, L 1999, 'Dengue among United Nations Mission in Haiti personnel, 1995: Implications for preventive medicine', Military Medicine, vol. 164, no. 4, pp. 300-302.

Dengue among United Nations Mission in Haiti personnel, 1995 : Implications for preventive medicine. / Gambel, Jeffrey M.; Drabick, Joseph; Swalko, Michael A.; Henchal, Erik A.; Rossi, Cynthia A.; Martinez-Lopez, Lester.

In: Military Medicine, Vol. 164, No. 4, 01.04.1999, p. 300-302.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Gambel JM, Drabick J, Swalko MA, Henchal EA, Rossi CA, Martinez-Lopez L. Dengue among United Nations Mission in Haiti personnel, 1995: Implications for preventive medicine. Military Medicine. 1999 Apr 1;164(4):300-302.