Denitrification potential in three saturated riparian buffers

Tyler A. Groh, Morgan P. Davis, Thomas M. Isenhart, Dan B. Jaynes, Timothy B. Parkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Denitrification is an anaerobic process that converts nitrate to predominantly either nitrous oxide or dinitrogen gas while using nitrate as a terminal electron acceptor. The requirements for denitrification include available nitrate and organic carbon, an anaerobic environment, and the appropriate microbial communities. The edge-of-field nitrate removal practice of saturated riparian buffers (SRBs) looks to maximize soil denitrification by saturating carbon-rich alluvial soils with nitrate-rich tile water. Our initial in situ denitrification study showed the possibility of a carbon limitation for BC-2, the youngest of our study's SRBs. The current study looked to test this hypothesis using a denitrification potential experimental design by adding nitrate and carbon both individually and combined to portions of soil cores. BC-2 did seem to have a carbon limitation from 20 to 100 cm when assessing the nitrate and carbon separate additions against both the control and the combined nitrate and carbon maximum denitrification potential rate. Temperature also seemed to affect each SRB's maximum denitrification potential, but to varying degrees. The highest subsurface maximum denitrification potential rate, achieved by adding both nitrate and carbon, at each temperature was achieved by BC-1, the oldest SRB with the highest in situ denitrification rates. Conversely, BC-2, the youngest SRB, had the lowest rate. Thus indicating a potential riparian age effect on denitrification beyond elevated increased labile carbon additions, hypothesized to be an increased soil aggregation effect on denitrification communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106656
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume286
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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