Dependence and Reversal of Nitric Oxide Production on NF-κB in Silica and Lipopolysaccharide Induced Macrophages

Fei Chen, Douglas C. Kuhn, Shao Cong Sun, Lesley J. Gaydos, Laurence M. Demers

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125 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this report the differential regulation of NF-κB and nitric oxide (NO) was investigated in the mouse macrophage cell line RAW 264.7 following exposure to a mineral dust (silica) and/or an endotoxin (Lipopolysaccharide, LPS). The results indicated that silica and LPS can significantly induce the activation of NF-κB as well as elicit enhanced production of NO in RAW 264.7 cells as part of an early inflammatory response mechanism. A 24-hour time-course study showed that NO release from these cells continued to increase following the initial stimulus by LPS or silica. In contrast, activation of NF-κB was maximal at 6 hours and then showed a steady decline to 24 hours. The production of NO was suppressed by protease inhibitor and antioxidant, both of which block the activation of NF-κB. Surprisingly, the use of an NO synthase inhibitor resulted in an enhancement of NF-κB activation. These findings suggest that NO produced in macrophage cells in response to an inflammatory stimulus like silica or LPS my be linked to a negative feedback role on the activation of NF-κB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)839-846
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume214
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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