We investigated the mechanisms whereby high-potassium (57.9 mM) Ringer solutions attenuate the increase in permeability caused when microvessels are exposed to the calcium ionophores ionomycin and A23187 (5 μM). In single perfused microvessels we measured cytoplasmic calcium concentration, [Ca2+](i), in the cells forming the microvessel wall and the hydraulic conductivity, L(p), to follow changes in the permeability of the microvessel walls. In normal Ringer solution, [Ca2+](i) was increased to an initial peak value of 226 ± 12 nM after exposure to calcium ionophores; the corresponding increase in microvessel L(p) was 10.3 ± 2.6 times control. With high-potassium solutions, the peak value of [Ca2+](i) was 133 ± 12nM and L(p) was increased to only 2.5 ± 0.7 times control. Increasing extracellular calcium from 1.1 to 5 mM with high potassium restored the initial peak value of [Ca2+](i) to 303 ± 38 nM. The increases in both [Ca2+](i) and L(p) were abolished in calcium-free solutions. If high-potassium solutions depolarize the cells forming the microvessel wall as indicated by the membrane potential-sensitive dye bisoxonol, then the magnitude of the initial increase in [Ca2+](i) could be accounted for by changes in the electrochemical driving force through conductive channels for calcium ion. Our results conform to the hypothesis that the permeability properties of microvessels are modulated by changes in the membrane potential of the endothelial cells and/or pericytes forming the microvessel wall.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||4 30-4|
|State||Published - 1991|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)