Depression of some drug-induced in vivo changes of cerebellar guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate by control of motor and respiratory responses

D. B.A. Lundberg, G. R. Breese, Richard Mailman, G. D. Frye, R. A. Mueller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Paralysis of rats with d-tubocurarine and maintenance of normal arterial pH, CO2 and O2 tensions reduced cerebellar cGMP to values only one fourth to one third that of spontaneously roving animals. Since administration of d-tubocurarine intracisternally elevated rather than decreased cerebellar cGMP, the decrease in nucleotide content may be a result of decreased motor behavior and subsequent cerebellar afferent stimulation. In paralyzed rats an increasing mechanical distortion of the chest by increasing tidal volumes raised cerebellar cGMP when arterial gas tensions were held constant. The relative decreases in cerebellar cGMP produced by pentobarbital, ethanol, and halothane in spontaneously active rats were sharply reduced in paralyzed rats. The magnitude of cGMP elevation produced by some drugs (thyrotropin releasing hormone, apomorphine) is also reduced when secondary motor and respiratory effects of these drugs are prevented, whereas the increase produced by harmaline is not altered. Systematic variations of arterial CO2 and O2 tensions revealed a negative correlation between the log cGMP content with arterial CO2 tension and a positive correlation of the log arterial O2 tension with cerebellar cGMP content in hypercarbic rats. It is concluded that a significant portion of the drug-induced changes in cerebellar cGMP content produced in vivo may be secondary to altered motor and/or respiratory actions of these drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-256
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume15
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 15 1979

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Guanosine Monophosphate
Tubocurarine
Arterial Pressure
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Harmaline
Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone
Apomorphine
Tidal Volume
Halothane
Pentobarbital
Paralysis
Ethanol
Thorax
Nucleotides
Gases
Maintenance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Depression of some drug-induced in vivo changes of cerebellar guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate by control of motor and respiratory responses",
abstract = "Paralysis of rats with d-tubocurarine and maintenance of normal arterial pH, CO2 and O2 tensions reduced cerebellar cGMP to values only one fourth to one third that of spontaneously roving animals. Since administration of d-tubocurarine intracisternally elevated rather than decreased cerebellar cGMP, the decrease in nucleotide content may be a result of decreased motor behavior and subsequent cerebellar afferent stimulation. In paralyzed rats an increasing mechanical distortion of the chest by increasing tidal volumes raised cerebellar cGMP when arterial gas tensions were held constant. The relative decreases in cerebellar cGMP produced by pentobarbital, ethanol, and halothane in spontaneously active rats were sharply reduced in paralyzed rats. The magnitude of cGMP elevation produced by some drugs (thyrotropin releasing hormone, apomorphine) is also reduced when secondary motor and respiratory effects of these drugs are prevented, whereas the increase produced by harmaline is not altered. Systematic variations of arterial CO2 and O2 tensions revealed a negative correlation between the log cGMP content with arterial CO2 tension and a positive correlation of the log arterial O2 tension with cerebellar cGMP content in hypercarbic rats. It is concluded that a significant portion of the drug-induced changes in cerebellar cGMP content produced in vivo may be secondary to altered motor and/or respiratory actions of these drugs.",
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Depression of some drug-induced in vivo changes of cerebellar guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate by control of motor and respiratory responses. / Lundberg, D. B.A.; Breese, G. R.; Mailman, Richard; Frye, G. D.; Mueller, R. A.

In: Molecular Pharmacology, Vol. 15, No. 2, 15.11.1979, p. 246-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Breese, G. R.

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AU - Frye, G. D.

AU - Mueller, R. A.

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N2 - Paralysis of rats with d-tubocurarine and maintenance of normal arterial pH, CO2 and O2 tensions reduced cerebellar cGMP to values only one fourth to one third that of spontaneously roving animals. Since administration of d-tubocurarine intracisternally elevated rather than decreased cerebellar cGMP, the decrease in nucleotide content may be a result of decreased motor behavior and subsequent cerebellar afferent stimulation. In paralyzed rats an increasing mechanical distortion of the chest by increasing tidal volumes raised cerebellar cGMP when arterial gas tensions were held constant. The relative decreases in cerebellar cGMP produced by pentobarbital, ethanol, and halothane in spontaneously active rats were sharply reduced in paralyzed rats. The magnitude of cGMP elevation produced by some drugs (thyrotropin releasing hormone, apomorphine) is also reduced when secondary motor and respiratory effects of these drugs are prevented, whereas the increase produced by harmaline is not altered. Systematic variations of arterial CO2 and O2 tensions revealed a negative correlation between the log cGMP content with arterial CO2 tension and a positive correlation of the log arterial O2 tension with cerebellar cGMP content in hypercarbic rats. It is concluded that a significant portion of the drug-induced changes in cerebellar cGMP content produced in vivo may be secondary to altered motor and/or respiratory actions of these drugs.

AB - Paralysis of rats with d-tubocurarine and maintenance of normal arterial pH, CO2 and O2 tensions reduced cerebellar cGMP to values only one fourth to one third that of spontaneously roving animals. Since administration of d-tubocurarine intracisternally elevated rather than decreased cerebellar cGMP, the decrease in nucleotide content may be a result of decreased motor behavior and subsequent cerebellar afferent stimulation. In paralyzed rats an increasing mechanical distortion of the chest by increasing tidal volumes raised cerebellar cGMP when arterial gas tensions were held constant. The relative decreases in cerebellar cGMP produced by pentobarbital, ethanol, and halothane in spontaneously active rats were sharply reduced in paralyzed rats. The magnitude of cGMP elevation produced by some drugs (thyrotropin releasing hormone, apomorphine) is also reduced when secondary motor and respiratory effects of these drugs are prevented, whereas the increase produced by harmaline is not altered. Systematic variations of arterial CO2 and O2 tensions revealed a negative correlation between the log cGMP content with arterial CO2 tension and a positive correlation of the log arterial O2 tension with cerebellar cGMP content in hypercarbic rats. It is concluded that a significant portion of the drug-induced changes in cerebellar cGMP content produced in vivo may be secondary to altered motor and/or respiratory actions of these drugs.

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