Descriptive sensory analysis of heat-resistant milk chocolates

Carolina B. Dicolla, Janet L. Evans, Larry L. Hainly, Sheri L. Celtruda, B. Douglas Brown, Ramaswamy C. Anantheswaran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Sensory attributes of six heat-resistant chocolates were compared with the standard chocolate using a trained sensory panel who were trained using the Sensory Spectrum method. The panel evaluated the chocolates using three tactile and ten oral attributes at 24, 29, and 38°C. The panel demonstrated consistent rating of the various samples. ANOVA showed that all of the 13 sensory attributes (Firmness to touch, Stickiness to fingers, Snap, Abrasiveness, Hardness with incisors, Fracturability, Cohesiveness of mass, Time to melt, Firmness with tongue, Adhesiveness to teeth, Number of particles, Oily mouthcoating, and Chocolate messiness) were significantly different across the samples. A higher degree of heat resistance was identified by the panelists for the low-fat gelatin and polyol samples at 38°C. Principal component analysis revealed two principal components; the first pricipal component described the variability due to temperature, and the second principal component described the variability brought about by the various technologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2806-2816
Number of pages11
JournalFood Science and Nutrition
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science


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