Design and evaluation of an additively manufactured aircraft heat exchanger

David Saltzman, Michael Bichnevicius, Stephen P. Lynch, Timothy William Simpson, Edward William Reutzel, Corey Dickman, Richard Martukanitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) technology has significant potential to improve heat exchanger (HX) performance through incorporation of novel geometries and materials, but there is limited understanding of AM HX functionality relative to conventionally manufactured components. This study compares the performance of conventionally-built plate-fin air–liquid crossflow heat exchangers (i.e., aircraft oil coolers) to additively manufactured heat exchangers of similar geometry. To replicate internal features, three dimensional X-ray computed tomography scans were performed on the conventionally-built heat exchanger. A baseline AM model of the conventional design was designed, as well as an AM model with additional enhancement features on the air side. The two AM heat exchanger geometries were constructed using a laser-based powder bed fusion process with AlSi10Mg aluminum-alloy powder. Visual inspection of the as-built AM HX indicated significant surface roughness and some cracks in the fin-tube joint, but only at the edges of the heat exchanger. Overall heat transfer was increased by about 10 percent for the baseline AM and by 14 percent for the enhanced AM heat exchanger when compared to the conventionally built baseline heat exchanger. Measured air-side pressure drop for the AM heat exchangers was double that of the conventionally built baseline heat exchanger. Overall, this study indicates potential for improved heat transfer and demonstrated functionality of AM HX in realistic applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-263
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume138
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2018

Fingerprint

3D printers
Heat exchangers
Aircraft
Geometry
Heat transfer
Powders
Air
Pressure drop
Tomography
Aluminum alloys

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Design and evaluation of an additively manufactured aircraft heat exchanger",
abstract = "Additive manufacturing (AM) technology has significant potential to improve heat exchanger (HX) performance through incorporation of novel geometries and materials, but there is limited understanding of AM HX functionality relative to conventionally manufactured components. This study compares the performance of conventionally-built plate-fin air–liquid crossflow heat exchangers (i.e., aircraft oil coolers) to additively manufactured heat exchangers of similar geometry. To replicate internal features, three dimensional X-ray computed tomography scans were performed on the conventionally-built heat exchanger. A baseline AM model of the conventional design was designed, as well as an AM model with additional enhancement features on the air side. The two AM heat exchanger geometries were constructed using a laser-based powder bed fusion process with AlSi10Mg aluminum-alloy powder. Visual inspection of the as-built AM HX indicated significant surface roughness and some cracks in the fin-tube joint, but only at the edges of the heat exchanger. Overall heat transfer was increased by about 10 percent for the baseline AM and by 14 percent for the enhanced AM heat exchanger when compared to the conventionally built baseline heat exchanger. Measured air-side pressure drop for the AM heat exchangers was double that of the conventionally built baseline heat exchanger. Overall, this study indicates potential for improved heat transfer and demonstrated functionality of AM HX in realistic applications.",
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Design and evaluation of an additively manufactured aircraft heat exchanger. / Saltzman, David; Bichnevicius, Michael; Lynch, Stephen P.; Simpson, Timothy William; Reutzel, Edward William; Dickman, Corey; Martukanitz, Richard.

In: Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 138, 25.06.2018, p. 254-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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