Design and Evaluation of Network Control Strategies Using the Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram

Jianhe Du, Hesham Rakha, Vikash Varun Gayah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram (MFD) has been demonstrated to exist on traffic networks. Researchers have proposed using MFDs to monitor the status of a traffic network to inform the design of network-wide traffic control strategies. Since the data needed to construct an MFD is not always readily available, estimating MFDs using a limited number of probe vehicle trajectory data with varied penetration rates is proposed. Subsequently, congestion control strategies are applied to the network and the MFDs are plotted for each control strategy. The results demonstrate that it is feasible to use the MFD estimated using limited probe data as an effective tool to monitor and control a network. The most effective strategy is a network-wide adaptive traffic signal control system, which decreases delays by up to 40%. Average fuel consumption levels decrease by up to 10%. Furthermore, combining control strategies without fully integrating them produces system-wide dis-benefits relative to running each system independently.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Subtitle of host publicationSmart Mobility for Safety and Sustainability, ITSC 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages119-124
Number of pages6
Volume2015-October
ISBN (Electronic)9781467365956, 9781467365956, 9781467365956, 9781467365956
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 30 2015
Event18th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2015 - Gran Canaria, Spain
Duration: Sep 15 2015Sep 18 2015

Other

Other18th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2015
CountrySpain
CityGran Canaria
Period9/15/159/18/15

Fingerprint

Traffic signals
Traffic control
Fuel consumption
Trajectories
Control systems

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

Du, J., Rakha, H., & Gayah, V. V. (2015). Design and Evaluation of Network Control Strategies Using the Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram. In Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems: Smart Mobility for Safety and Sustainability, ITSC 2015 (Vol. 2015-October, pp. 119-124). [7313120] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ITSC.2015.28
Du, Jianhe ; Rakha, Hesham ; Gayah, Vikash Varun. / Design and Evaluation of Network Control Strategies Using the Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram. Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems: Smart Mobility for Safety and Sustainability, ITSC 2015. Vol. 2015-October Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2015. pp. 119-124
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abstract = "The Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram (MFD) has been demonstrated to exist on traffic networks. Researchers have proposed using MFDs to monitor the status of a traffic network to inform the design of network-wide traffic control strategies. Since the data needed to construct an MFD is not always readily available, estimating MFDs using a limited number of probe vehicle trajectory data with varied penetration rates is proposed. Subsequently, congestion control strategies are applied to the network and the MFDs are plotted for each control strategy. The results demonstrate that it is feasible to use the MFD estimated using limited probe data as an effective tool to monitor and control a network. The most effective strategy is a network-wide adaptive traffic signal control system, which decreases delays by up to 40{\%}. Average fuel consumption levels decrease by up to 10{\%}. Furthermore, combining control strategies without fully integrating them produces system-wide dis-benefits relative to running each system independently.",
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Du, J, Rakha, H & Gayah, VV 2015, Design and Evaluation of Network Control Strategies Using the Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram. in Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems: Smart Mobility for Safety and Sustainability, ITSC 2015. vol. 2015-October, 7313120, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 119-124, 18th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2015, Gran Canaria, Spain, 9/15/15. https://doi.org/10.1109/ITSC.2015.28

Design and Evaluation of Network Control Strategies Using the Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram. / Du, Jianhe; Rakha, Hesham; Gayah, Vikash Varun.

Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems: Smart Mobility for Safety and Sustainability, ITSC 2015. Vol. 2015-October Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2015. p. 119-124 7313120.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Du J, Rakha H, Gayah VV. Design and Evaluation of Network Control Strategies Using the Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram. In Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems: Smart Mobility for Safety and Sustainability, ITSC 2015. Vol. 2015-October. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2015. p. 119-124. 7313120 https://doi.org/10.1109/ITSC.2015.28