Lynx, a next generation X-ray observatory concept currently under study, requires lightweight, high spatial resolution X-ray mirrors. Here we detail the development and fabrication of one of the candidate technologies for Lynx, piezoelectric adjustable X-ray optics. These X-ray mirrors are thin glass shell mirrors with Cr/Ir X-ray reflective coatings on the mirror side and piezoelectric thin film actuators on the actuator side. Magnetron sputtering was used to deposit metal electrodes and metal-oxide piezoelectric layers. The piezoelectric (Pb 0.995 (Zr 0.52 Ti 0.48 ) 0.99 Nb 0.01 O 3 ) was divided into 112 independent piezoelectric actuators, with 100% yield achieved. We discuss the fabrication procedure, residual thermal stresses and tuning of the Cr/Ir coating stress for the purposes of stress balancing.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics