Design and optimization of hybrid compliant narrow-gauge surgical forceps

Milton E. Aguirre, Mary Frecker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work describes a design and optimization method for developing hybrid, multi-material, compliant instruments which are expected to be useful in mini-laparoscopy and natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery. These two-material devices are designed specifically for Penn State's lost mold rapid infiltration process, which is capable of fabricating hundreds of freestanding meso-scale parts in parallel. New narrow-gauge surgical procedures impose severe geometric constraints that challenge traditional compliant mechanism design methods. Since narrow-gauge constraints leave geometry optimization ineffective, new design methods are explored to improve the performance of a 1 mm diameter contact-aided compliant forceps. By considering hybrid designs, new design possibilities are enabled through material variation. The hybrid forceps has desired regions of flexibility and stiffness that can be isolated to improve tool performance. For instance, a hybrid forceps can be designed with greater flexibility in some regions to provide larger jaw openings while maintaining high stiffness in other regions to obtain large grasping forces, both vital features in a surgical forceps. Using ANSYS to model large deformation and contact, an optimization problem is formulated to maximize tool performance and to determine optimal segregation of hybrid materials considering a range of modulus ratios. Materials under consideration include nanoparticulate 3 mol% yttria partially stabilized zirconia (3YSZ) and austenitic (300 series) stainless steel. All results are compared to previously optimized homogeneous designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2010 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2010
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
Pages779-788
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780791844151
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
EventASME 2010 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2010 - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Sep 28 2010Oct 1 2010

Publication series

NameASME 2010 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2010
Volume1

Other

OtherASME 2010 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2010
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA
Period9/28/1010/1/10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Biomaterials

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