Design, fabrication and preliminary testing of an experimental measurement rig for co-axial rotors

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A testing rig to provide experimental data related to co-axial rotors has been designed and fabricated. Details of the configuration are provided. The rig is intended for the acquisition of rotor torque for varying flying conditions, including hover, forward flight and during descent flights. In this paper, preliminary data related to descend flight are discussed. The configuration uses two 60.96 cm-diameter, counter-rotating, rotors in a co-axial configuration. Testing was conducted at varying RPMS (2000, 3000 and 4000 RPMs), varying descend velocities (0 m/sec up to 22 m/sec). A second set of tests was conducted at constant total thrust for the varying descend velocities (20 N). Motor power vs. descend velocities are provided for the varying RPMS and for the constant thrust case. Torque vs. descend velocity is also provided for the constant thrust case. For all the results, it is observed that the lower rotor has a sudden decrease in power and torque at approximately 6 m/sec, to then recover afterwards. It is not confirmed that such even is related to vortex ring state conditions, but suggestions to further investigate the phenomenon are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105784
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Jan 7 2019Jan 11 2019

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum

Conference

ConferenceAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period1/7/191/11/19

Fingerprint

Rotors
Fabrication
Torque
Testing
Vortex flow

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Yan, S., Getz, D. V., Palacios, J., Kinzel, M. P., Schmitz, S., & Langelaan, J. W. (2019). Design, fabrication and preliminary testing of an experimental measurement rig for co-axial rotors. In AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum). American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-1096
Yan, Sihong ; Getz, David V. ; Palacios, Jose ; Kinzel, Michael P. ; Schmitz, Sven ; Langelaan, Jacob Willem. / Design, fabrication and preliminary testing of an experimental measurement rig for co-axial rotors. AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2019. (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum).
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abstract = "A testing rig to provide experimental data related to co-axial rotors has been designed and fabricated. Details of the configuration are provided. The rig is intended for the acquisition of rotor torque for varying flying conditions, including hover, forward flight and during descent flights. In this paper, preliminary data related to descend flight are discussed. The configuration uses two 60.96 cm-diameter, counter-rotating, rotors in a co-axial configuration. Testing was conducted at varying RPMS (2000, 3000 and 4000 RPMs), varying descend velocities (0 m/sec up to 22 m/sec). A second set of tests was conducted at constant total thrust for the varying descend velocities (20 N). Motor power vs. descend velocities are provided for the varying RPMS and for the constant thrust case. Torque vs. descend velocity is also provided for the constant thrust case. For all the results, it is observed that the lower rotor has a sudden decrease in power and torque at approximately 6 m/sec, to then recover afterwards. It is not confirmed that such even is related to vortex ring state conditions, but suggestions to further investigate the phenomenon are provided.",
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Yan, S, Getz, DV, Palacios, J, Kinzel, MP, Schmitz, S & Langelaan, JW 2019, Design, fabrication and preliminary testing of an experimental measurement rig for co-axial rotors. in AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, AIAA Scitech Forum, 2019, San Diego, United States, 1/7/19. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-1096

Design, fabrication and preliminary testing of an experimental measurement rig for co-axial rotors. / Yan, Sihong; Getz, David V.; Palacios, Jose; Kinzel, Michael P.; Schmitz, Sven; Langelaan, Jacob Willem.

AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2019. (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Yan S, Getz DV, Palacios J, Kinzel MP, Schmitz S, Langelaan JW. Design, fabrication and preliminary testing of an experimental measurement rig for co-axial rotors. In AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. 2019. (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum). https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-1096