Design of fludic, high-frequency periodically layered isolators for model 427 gearbox isolation

Joseph T. Szefi, Edward Smith, George A. Lesieutre, Askari Badre-Alam, Dennis McGuire

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Vibration generation by meshing gear pairs is a significant source of vibration and cabin noise in rotorcraft transmissions. This tonal, high-frequency gearbox noise (500 Hz - 2000 Hz) is primarily transmitted to the fuselage through rigid connections, which do not appreciably attenuate vibratory energy. Because periodically-layered elastomer and metal isolators exhibit transmissibility "stop bands", or frequency ranges in which there is very low transmissibility, they may provide an elegant passive vibration control solution. Design optimization studies results suggest that layered isolators cannot always be designed to meet target frequencies given a certain set of gearbox isolation constraints. The addition of embedded fluid elements in the metal layers results in a combination of advantageous performance benefits, including motion amplification and vibration absorber effects. The enhanced layered isolators are capable of passively providing broadband noise attenuation, as well as dramatic attenuation at discrete problematic tones. The overall objective of this research effort is to reduce the vibration and noise transmitted into a Bell Model 427 helicopter cabin by meshing transmission gears via high-frequency gearbox isolation. Existing attempts to solve the gearbox noise problem have focused on active add-on, or retrofitted configurations, and do not directly interrupt the vibratory load path. The major supposition of the current effort is that a choke-point vibration control methodology can be employed, wherein all flight loads are transmitted through layered elastomeric and metal isolators before they enter the cabin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAHS Internaitonal 62nd Annual Forum - Vertical Flight
Subtitle of host publicationLeading through Innovation - Proceedings
Pages964-984
Number of pages21
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Event62nd American Helicopter Society International Annual Forum 2006 - Phoenix, AZ, United States
Duration: May 9 2006May 11 2006

Publication series

NameAnnual Forum Proceedings - AHS International
VolumeII
ISSN (Print)1552-2938

Other

Other62nd American Helicopter Society International Annual Forum 2006
CountryUnited States
CityPhoenix, AZ
Period5/9/065/11/06

Fingerprint

Vibration control
Gears
Metals
Cabins (aircraft)
Electric inductors
Fuselages
Elastomers
Helicopters
Chemical elements
Amplification
Fluids
Design optimization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Szefi, J. T., Smith, E., Lesieutre, G. A., Badre-Alam, A., & McGuire, D. (2006). Design of fludic, high-frequency periodically layered isolators for model 427 gearbox isolation. In AHS Internaitonal 62nd Annual Forum - Vertical Flight: Leading through Innovation - Proceedings (pp. 964-984). (Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International; Vol. II).
Szefi, Joseph T. ; Smith, Edward ; Lesieutre, George A. ; Badre-Alam, Askari ; McGuire, Dennis. / Design of fludic, high-frequency periodically layered isolators for model 427 gearbox isolation. AHS Internaitonal 62nd Annual Forum - Vertical Flight: Leading through Innovation - Proceedings. 2006. pp. 964-984 (Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International).
@inproceedings{0de1563c1ded4ebfb546194b9c3cc58e,
title = "Design of fludic, high-frequency periodically layered isolators for model 427 gearbox isolation",
abstract = "Vibration generation by meshing gear pairs is a significant source of vibration and cabin noise in rotorcraft transmissions. This tonal, high-frequency gearbox noise (500 Hz - 2000 Hz) is primarily transmitted to the fuselage through rigid connections, which do not appreciably attenuate vibratory energy. Because periodically-layered elastomer and metal isolators exhibit transmissibility {"}stop bands{"}, or frequency ranges in which there is very low transmissibility, they may provide an elegant passive vibration control solution. Design optimization studies results suggest that layered isolators cannot always be designed to meet target frequencies given a certain set of gearbox isolation constraints. The addition of embedded fluid elements in the metal layers results in a combination of advantageous performance benefits, including motion amplification and vibration absorber effects. The enhanced layered isolators are capable of passively providing broadband noise attenuation, as well as dramatic attenuation at discrete problematic tones. The overall objective of this research effort is to reduce the vibration and noise transmitted into a Bell Model 427 helicopter cabin by meshing transmission gears via high-frequency gearbox isolation. Existing attempts to solve the gearbox noise problem have focused on active add-on, or retrofitted configurations, and do not directly interrupt the vibratory load path. The major supposition of the current effort is that a choke-point vibration control methodology can be employed, wherein all flight loads are transmitted through layered elastomeric and metal isolators before they enter the cabin.",
author = "Szefi, {Joseph T.} and Edward Smith and Lesieutre, {George A.} and Askari Badre-Alam and Dennis McGuire",
year = "2006",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781617829314",
series = "Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International",
pages = "964--984",
booktitle = "AHS Internaitonal 62nd Annual Forum - Vertical Flight",

}

Szefi, JT, Smith, E, Lesieutre, GA, Badre-Alam, A & McGuire, D 2006, Design of fludic, high-frequency periodically layered isolators for model 427 gearbox isolation. in AHS Internaitonal 62nd Annual Forum - Vertical Flight: Leading through Innovation - Proceedings. Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International, vol. II, pp. 964-984, 62nd American Helicopter Society International Annual Forum 2006, Phoenix, AZ, United States, 5/9/06.

Design of fludic, high-frequency periodically layered isolators for model 427 gearbox isolation. / Szefi, Joseph T.; Smith, Edward; Lesieutre, George A.; Badre-Alam, Askari; McGuire, Dennis.

AHS Internaitonal 62nd Annual Forum - Vertical Flight: Leading through Innovation - Proceedings. 2006. p. 964-984 (Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International; Vol. II).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Design of fludic, high-frequency periodically layered isolators for model 427 gearbox isolation

AU - Szefi, Joseph T.

AU - Smith, Edward

AU - Lesieutre, George A.

AU - Badre-Alam, Askari

AU - McGuire, Dennis

PY - 2006/12/1

Y1 - 2006/12/1

N2 - Vibration generation by meshing gear pairs is a significant source of vibration and cabin noise in rotorcraft transmissions. This tonal, high-frequency gearbox noise (500 Hz - 2000 Hz) is primarily transmitted to the fuselage through rigid connections, which do not appreciably attenuate vibratory energy. Because periodically-layered elastomer and metal isolators exhibit transmissibility "stop bands", or frequency ranges in which there is very low transmissibility, they may provide an elegant passive vibration control solution. Design optimization studies results suggest that layered isolators cannot always be designed to meet target frequencies given a certain set of gearbox isolation constraints. The addition of embedded fluid elements in the metal layers results in a combination of advantageous performance benefits, including motion amplification and vibration absorber effects. The enhanced layered isolators are capable of passively providing broadband noise attenuation, as well as dramatic attenuation at discrete problematic tones. The overall objective of this research effort is to reduce the vibration and noise transmitted into a Bell Model 427 helicopter cabin by meshing transmission gears via high-frequency gearbox isolation. Existing attempts to solve the gearbox noise problem have focused on active add-on, or retrofitted configurations, and do not directly interrupt the vibratory load path. The major supposition of the current effort is that a choke-point vibration control methodology can be employed, wherein all flight loads are transmitted through layered elastomeric and metal isolators before they enter the cabin.

AB - Vibration generation by meshing gear pairs is a significant source of vibration and cabin noise in rotorcraft transmissions. This tonal, high-frequency gearbox noise (500 Hz - 2000 Hz) is primarily transmitted to the fuselage through rigid connections, which do not appreciably attenuate vibratory energy. Because periodically-layered elastomer and metal isolators exhibit transmissibility "stop bands", or frequency ranges in which there is very low transmissibility, they may provide an elegant passive vibration control solution. Design optimization studies results suggest that layered isolators cannot always be designed to meet target frequencies given a certain set of gearbox isolation constraints. The addition of embedded fluid elements in the metal layers results in a combination of advantageous performance benefits, including motion amplification and vibration absorber effects. The enhanced layered isolators are capable of passively providing broadband noise attenuation, as well as dramatic attenuation at discrete problematic tones. The overall objective of this research effort is to reduce the vibration and noise transmitted into a Bell Model 427 helicopter cabin by meshing transmission gears via high-frequency gearbox isolation. Existing attempts to solve the gearbox noise problem have focused on active add-on, or retrofitted configurations, and do not directly interrupt the vibratory load path. The major supposition of the current effort is that a choke-point vibration control methodology can be employed, wherein all flight loads are transmitted through layered elastomeric and metal isolators before they enter the cabin.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84884328756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84884328756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9781617829314

T3 - Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International

SP - 964

EP - 984

BT - AHS Internaitonal 62nd Annual Forum - Vertical Flight

ER -

Szefi JT, Smith E, Lesieutre GA, Badre-Alam A, McGuire D. Design of fludic, high-frequency periodically layered isolators for model 427 gearbox isolation. In AHS Internaitonal 62nd Annual Forum - Vertical Flight: Leading through Innovation - Proceedings. 2006. p. 964-984. (Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International).