Desulfurization of JP-8 jet fuel by selective adsorption over a Ni-based adsorbent for micro solid oxide fuel cells

Subramani Velu, Xialiang Ma, Chunshan Song, Mehdi Namazian, Sivakumar Sethuraman, Guhanand Venkataraman

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99 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work focuses on optimizing the performance of a Ni/SiO2-Al2O3 adsorbent for the adsorptive desulfurization of jet fuel, including JP-8 jet fuel containing around 736 ppmw sulfur and a light JP-8 jet fuel having around 380 ppmw sulfur, obtained by fractionation for micro solid oxide fuel cell applications. The fractionated light JP-8 jet fuel had only traces of heavier alkylated benzothiophenes (C3-BTs). The removal of C3-BTs such as sterically hindered 2,3, 7-trimethylbenzothiophene from the JP-8 jet fuel by fractionation improved the adsorbent capacity by 2.5 times. The particle sizes of the adsorbent and its bed dimensions were examined and optimized to achieve targeted sulfur adsorption capacity of over 10 mg of S/g of adsorbent without encountering pressure drop across the bed. The adsorptive desulfurization of fractionated light JP-8 over the Ni/SiO2-Al2O3 adsorbent having particle sizes between 0.15 and 0.25 mm offered a sulfur breakthrough adsorption capacity of about 11.5 mg of S/g of adsorbent without developing any significant pressure drop across the beds. High sulfur-adsorption capacity could be achieved with Ni/SiO2-Al2O3 when the overall aspect ratio, axial aspect ratio, and radial aspect ratio of the adsorbent bed were around 60, 3000, and 100, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1116-1125
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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