Breeding for disease resistance requires efficient techniques for screening large plant populations. Late blight (LB), caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans, is one of the most devastating diseases of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) worldwide, and there is a great interest in developing cultivars with resistance to this pathogen. Screening for LB resistance is commonly conducted under field or greenhouse conditions using whole plants. In a previous study, we demonstrated correspondence between field and greenhouse screening of tomato for LB resistance. Here, we report the use of a detached-leaflet assay for such screening. Seventytwo genotypes from two tomato species, varying in degree of resistance and susceptibility to LB, were evaluated in two replicated experiments for response to LB in a detached-leaflet assay, and the results were compared with those previously obtained from field and greenhouse screening of the same genotypes. There were significant (P < 0.001) positive correlations between replications (average r = 0.75) and experiments (average r = 0.72), suggesting that the detached-leaflet experiments were consistent. Further, there were significant (P < 0.001) positive correlations between responses in the detached-leaflet assay and those from field (r = 0.82) and greenhouse screenings (r = 0.84), suggesting reliability of the detached-leaflet assay. The results indicate the utility of the detachedleaflet assay for evaluating tomato for LB resistance, which may facilitate screening of large breeding populations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Plant Science