Detailed experimental measurement and RANS simulation of a low pressure turbine with high lift blading

Ethan Perez, John T. Schmitz, Nicholas A. Jaffa, Aleksandar Jemcov, Joshua D. Cameron, Scott C. Morris

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The aerodynamic characteristics of high–lift airfoil designs is of interest for improved performance and reduced blade count in Low–Pressure Turbine (LPT) design. The present paper presents both experimental measurements as well as numerical simulation results from a single-stage LPT. The airfoils were designed for an embedded stage with a total pressure expansion ratio of 1.75 and a rotor Zweifel coefficient of 1.35. The measurement program was highly unique in that detailed measurements were obtained using a variety of different probe types, including time–resolved total pressure and hot–wires. Agreement between various measurement types was generally good, but differences beyond typically stated uncertainty bounds were noted. The computations were done using RANS and a mixing model via commercially available software. The numerical results were evaluated to determine the efficacy of this type of model for prediction and design of high–lift airfoils. The computations agreed very well with the experimental results in the midspan region, but losses were over–predicted in the lower 40% span near the hub. A basic description and understanding of the flow physics in the LPT stage are presented based on the relative agreement between the experiments and computations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTurbomachinery
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791858561
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventASME Turbo Expo 2019: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2019 - Phoenix, United States
Duration: Jun 17 2019Jun 21 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume2B-2019

Conference

ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2019: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2019
CountryUnited States
CityPhoenix
Period6/17/196/21/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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    Perez, E., Schmitz, J. T., Jaffa, N. A., Jemcov, A., Cameron, J. D., & Morris, S. C. (2019). Detailed experimental measurement and RANS simulation of a low pressure turbine with high lift blading. In Turbomachinery (Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo; Vol. 2B-2019). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2019-91820