Detecting active comets in the SDSS

Michael Solontoi, Željko Ivezić, Andrew A. West, Mark Claire, Mario Jurić, Andrew Becker, Lynne Jones, Patrick B. Hall, Steve Kent, Robert H. Lupton, Gillian R. Knapp, Tom Quinn, James E. Gunn, Don Schneider, Craig Loomis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using a sample of serendipitously discovered active comets in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), we develop well-controlled selection criteria for greatly increasing the efficiency of comet identification in the SDSS catalogs. After follow-up visual inspection of images to reject remaining false positives, the total sample of SDSS comets presented here contains 19 objects, roughly one comet per 10 million other SDSS objects. The good understanding of selection effects allows a study of the population statistics, and we estimate the apparent magnitude distribution to r ∼ 18, the ecliptic latitude distribution, and the comet distribution in SDSS color space. The most surprising results are the extremely narrow range of colors for comets in our sample (e.g. root-mean-square scatter of only ∼0.06 mag for the g - r color), and the similarity of comet colors to those of jovian Trojans. We discuss the relevance of our results for upcoming deep multi-epoch optical surveys such as the Dark Energy Survey, Pan-STARRS, and the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), and estimate that LSST may produce a sample of about 10,000 comets over its 10-year lifetime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)605-618
Number of pages14
JournalIcarus
Volume205
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Solontoi, M., Ivezić, Ž., West, A. A., Claire, M., Jurić, M., Becker, A., Jones, L., Hall, P. B., Kent, S., Lupton, R. H., Knapp, G. R., Quinn, T., Gunn, J. E., Schneider, D., & Loomis, C. (2010). Detecting active comets in the SDSS. Icarus, 205(2), 605-618. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2009.07.042