Detecting deception in the brain: A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study of neural correlates of intentional deception

Scott Bunce, Ajit Devaraj, Meltem Izzetoglu, Banu Onaral, Kambiz Pourrezaei

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little is known about the neurological underpinnings of deliberate deception. Recent advances in the detection of deception have examined brain responses during experimental deception protocols. A consensus has begun to emerge across the handful of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies that have examined deception implicating areas of the dorsolateral and inferior prefrontal cortex as active during deliberate deception. The purpose of the current study was to determine the utility of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIR), a neuroimaging technique that allows reasonable ecological utility, for the detection of deception. Using a modified version of the Guilty Knowledge Task, participants attempted to conceal the identity of a playing card they were holding while dorsolateral and inferior frontal cortices were monitored with fNIR. The results revealed increased activation in bilateral inferior frontal gyri (BA 47/45) and middle frontal gyri (BA 46/10) when participants were lying. The results provide evidence that inferior and middle prefrontal cortical areas are associated at least some forms of deliberate deception. fNIR has the potential to provide a field-deployable brain-based method for the detection of deception.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04
Pages (from-to)24-32
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume5769
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 7 2005
EventNondestructive Detection and Measurement for Homeland Security III - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 7 2005Mar 9 2005

Fingerprint

deception
Deception
Near-infrared Spectroscopy
Near infrared spectroscopy
Correlate
brain
Brain
infrared spectroscopy
Neuroimaging
cortexes
Cortex
Chemical activation
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
cards
magnetic resonance
Activation
activation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

@article{c666ff2eb29d4fe2994dabd59e7bd2cb,
title = "Detecting deception in the brain: A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study of neural correlates of intentional deception",
abstract = "Little is known about the neurological underpinnings of deliberate deception. Recent advances in the detection of deception have examined brain responses during experimental deception protocols. A consensus has begun to emerge across the handful of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies that have examined deception implicating areas of the dorsolateral and inferior prefrontal cortex as active during deliberate deception. The purpose of the current study was to determine the utility of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIR), a neuroimaging technique that allows reasonable ecological utility, for the detection of deception. Using a modified version of the Guilty Knowledge Task, participants attempted to conceal the identity of a playing card they were holding while dorsolateral and inferior frontal cortices were monitored with fNIR. The results revealed increased activation in bilateral inferior frontal gyri (BA 47/45) and middle frontal gyri (BA 46/10) when participants were lying. The results provide evidence that inferior and middle prefrontal cortical areas are associated at least some forms of deliberate deception. fNIR has the potential to provide a field-deployable brain-based method for the detection of deception.",
author = "Scott Bunce and Ajit Devaraj and Meltem Izzetoglu and Banu Onaral and Kambiz Pourrezaei",
year = "2005",
month = "10",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1117/12.600601",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5769",
pages = "24--32",
journal = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
issn = "0277-786X",
publisher = "SPIE",

}

Detecting deception in the brain : A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study of neural correlates of intentional deception. / Bunce, Scott; Devaraj, Ajit; Izzetoglu, Meltem; Onaral, Banu; Pourrezaei, Kambiz.

In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 5769, 04, 07.10.2005, p. 24-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Detecting deception in the brain

T2 - A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study of neural correlates of intentional deception

AU - Bunce, Scott

AU - Devaraj, Ajit

AU - Izzetoglu, Meltem

AU - Onaral, Banu

AU - Pourrezaei, Kambiz

PY - 2005/10/7

Y1 - 2005/10/7

N2 - Little is known about the neurological underpinnings of deliberate deception. Recent advances in the detection of deception have examined brain responses during experimental deception protocols. A consensus has begun to emerge across the handful of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies that have examined deception implicating areas of the dorsolateral and inferior prefrontal cortex as active during deliberate deception. The purpose of the current study was to determine the utility of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIR), a neuroimaging technique that allows reasonable ecological utility, for the detection of deception. Using a modified version of the Guilty Knowledge Task, participants attempted to conceal the identity of a playing card they were holding while dorsolateral and inferior frontal cortices were monitored with fNIR. The results revealed increased activation in bilateral inferior frontal gyri (BA 47/45) and middle frontal gyri (BA 46/10) when participants were lying. The results provide evidence that inferior and middle prefrontal cortical areas are associated at least some forms of deliberate deception. fNIR has the potential to provide a field-deployable brain-based method for the detection of deception.

AB - Little is known about the neurological underpinnings of deliberate deception. Recent advances in the detection of deception have examined brain responses during experimental deception protocols. A consensus has begun to emerge across the handful of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies that have examined deception implicating areas of the dorsolateral and inferior prefrontal cortex as active during deliberate deception. The purpose of the current study was to determine the utility of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIR), a neuroimaging technique that allows reasonable ecological utility, for the detection of deception. Using a modified version of the Guilty Knowledge Task, participants attempted to conceal the identity of a playing card they were holding while dorsolateral and inferior frontal cortices were monitored with fNIR. The results revealed increased activation in bilateral inferior frontal gyri (BA 47/45) and middle frontal gyri (BA 46/10) when participants were lying. The results provide evidence that inferior and middle prefrontal cortical areas are associated at least some forms of deliberate deception. fNIR has the potential to provide a field-deployable brain-based method for the detection of deception.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=25644448264&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=25644448264&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.600601

DO - 10.1117/12.600601

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:25644448264

VL - 5769

SP - 24

EP - 32

JO - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

JF - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

SN - 0277-786X

M1 - 04

ER -