Detecting murine Inflammatory Bowel Disease using Optical Coherence Elastography∗

Achuth Nair, Chih Hao Liu, Susobhan Das, Thienkim Ho, Yong Du, Sanam Soomro, Chandra Mohan, Kirill V. Larin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes regions of ulceration within the interior of the colon. UC is estimated to afflict hundreds of thousands of people in the United States alone. Ultrasonic techniques can detect colitis, but have limited spatial resolution, which frequently results in underdiagnoses. Nevertheless, clinical diagnosis of colitis is still generally performed via colonoscopy. Optical techniques such as confocal microscopy and optical coherence tomography (OCT) have been proposed as higher resolution alternative imaging modalities to detect colitis. Additionally, IBD can potentially alter tissue biomechanical properties, which cannot be quantified from structural imaging alone. Elastography is a potential method to assess colon biomechanical properties to provide additional contrast for distinguishing healthy and diseased colon tissue. In this work, we induced elastic waves in ex vivo mouse colon tissue using a focused air-pulse. The elastic waves were detected using a phase-stabilized swept source optical coherence elastography system, and the wave velocity was translated into stiffness. Measurements were taken at six random positions for each sample in order to assess regional sample elasticity. The results show distinct differences (p < 0.05) in the stiffness between healthy and IBD-diseased samples, with a Young's Modulus of 10.2 \pm 3.7 kPa and 4.9 \pm 0.3 kPa, respectively. Dispersion analysis presents another parameter to distinguish tissue health. The high frequency components of the phase velocity dispersion curve indicate a variation between healthy and IBD colonic tissue. Our results show that OCE may be useful for detecting IBD noninvasively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages830-833
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538636466
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 26 2018
Event40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: Jul 18 2018Jul 21 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2018-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period7/18/187/21/18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Detecting murine Inflammatory Bowel Disease using Optical Coherence Elastography∗'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this