Detection of antagonist activity for narcotic analgesics in mouse hot-plate test

Piotr Janicki, Jerzy Libich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


On the assumption that by the use of the hot-plate procedure the antagonist properties of narcotic analgesics could be detected, the effect of morphine, pentazocine, nalorphine and naloxone were investigated. The latency of paw-licking and jumping-off were determined and compared. The agonist, morphine, at doses of 0.025, 0.05 and 0.1 mmole/kg injected IP significantly increased paw-lick and jump-off latency above that seen in saline controls. The mixed agonist-antagonist, pentazocine, at doses of 0.048, 0.96 and 0.192 mmole/kg and nalorphine, an antagonist with some agonist activity, at doses of 0.032, 0.064 and 0.128 mmole/kg significantly increased the latency of paw-licking, but did not significantly change the jump-off latency. At a dose of 0.016 mmole/kg naloxone treated mice jumped from the hot-plate significantly sooner than controls but no effects of maloxone on paw-licking latency were observed. These results suggest that agonist properties are involved in the paw-lick response and that antagonistic properties determine jumping-off behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-626
Number of pages4
JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1979

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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