Brain lesions identified following the diagnosis and eradication of primary cancers are often ambiguous in origin, existing as a solitary metastasis or an independent primary brain tumor. The brain is a relatively common site of metastasis with breast cancer, although determining whether metastases have originated from the breast or brain is often not possible without invasive biopsies. In the current case report, a patient presented with a brain lesion identified by radiography and was without systemic disease. The patient had previously exhibited a complete response to chemotherapy and surgery for a poorly differentiated invasive ductal carcinoma. The origin of the brain lesion could not be determined by magnetic resonance imaging, giving rise to a diagnostic dilemma with diverging treatment options. We previously reported a method to isolate and enumerate tumor cells of epithelial origin in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF tumor cell analysis of the patient revealed massive CSF tumor cell burden of epithelial origin, indicating that the brain lesion was likely of breast origin. The current case report highlights the use of CSF tumor cell detection as a differential diagnostic tool, in addition to its previously demonstrated use as a marker of disease burden and therapeutic response.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research