Twenty-one monoclonal antibodies were produced against promastigote antigens of Leishmania donovani. Five monoclonal antibodies (Hyb.17, 6, 5, 4 and 2) identifying molecules associated with various L. donovani antigenic determinants ranging from 42–116 kDa were selected as ‘capture antibodies’ and compared with specific anti-leishmania antisera for detection of circulating leishmania antigens in kala azar patients’ sera in a competitive-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay system (ELISA). The anti-leishmania antisera could detect circulating antigen in 30% of kala azar cases while out of the five monoclonals, Hyb.17 could effectively detect circulating leishmania antigen in 85.4%. The efficacy of Hyb.6 was how-ever low (31.7%). The antigens recognized by these monoclonal antibodies in the western blot assay could possibly represent the ones circulating in sera of patients suffering from kala azar. A cocktail of these monoclonal antibodies may be more useful than the conventional polyclonal antisera in detection of circulating antigen for clinical diagnosis of kala azar.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Microbiology and Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes